Flashcards in Part107 Areas of attention Deck (40):
What are the 4 categories of Air Space
The 4 categories are Controlled, uncontrolled, special use and other.
What is Controlled Air Space
FAA controlled airspace to insure the safety and efficiency of air traffic surrounding airports, cities, and military bases.
What classifications are under Controlled Air Space?
The classifications are A,B,C,D, & E
What classifications are under Uncontrolled Air Space?
Characteristics of Class - A
Class A is from 18,000 (MSL) up to Fl600 or (60000 MSL) Is off limits to s/UAS operations.
Characteristics of Class - B
Has Solid Blue line. Surrounds the biggest and busiest airports. Generally 2 or more layers. 1st is usually from the Surface to the ceiling. 2nd starts where the 1st ends with a wider diameter. ie: upside dn wedding cake.
-Remote pilots need ATC authorization to fly in B.
NOT Rqd to possess a mode C transponder.
Characteristics of Class - C
Typically 1 layer rising from the surface to ceiling.102/SFC Then has 1 addnl layer. 102/75
ALWAYS ADD TWO ZEROS to the #
Surrounds'2nd lvl" busy airports.
s/UAS pilots 'MUST' equip their Drone w/Mode C transponder.
Characteristics of Class - D
overlays small regional airports busy enough to still have ATC.-
No Layering, 1 cylindrical section. Surface to a given altitude.
*Need Atc authorization to fly here.
Characteristics of Class - E
Everywhere else. Begins at 14,500 MSL or 1200 AGL
Extends to but does not include 18,000 MSL
incorporates overlaying waters within 12 NM.
*Solid Magenta t Line*
Characteristics of Class - E with Magenta Gradient
and Magenta - - - - line
Magenta Gradient Line= Designates Class E restricted airspace begins at 700' AGL (above surface)
Magenta Dotted Line = Class E airspace that extends all the way to the surface. SFC
Characteristics of Class - E- Blue Gradient Line
Has a floor of 1200 AGL or greater abutting G. *Rarely used*
Characteristics of Class - G
*Uncontrolled Airspace, no authorization needed to fly there.
*Begins @ the surface * Ends @ the floor of the overlying E airspace.
Types of Special Use airspace.
MOA, MTR, TFR RESTRICTED, PROHIBITED, WARNING
MOA stands for
MILITARY OPERATION AREA
MTR Stands for
Military Training Routes
What is the procedure for operating in Special Use Areas?
1st-Contact the controlling agency.
What is the procedure for operating in Controlled Airspace?
*Must have prior authorization.
*B,C & D Require ATC authorization
* Class 'E' airspace requires prior auth. from the FAA
What is a TFR?
Temporary Flight Restrictions
What are the characteristics of a TFR?
Commonly occur when large public events take place,
or a *VIP* is in the area.
What are VFR's or visual flight rules,or the 3-1-5-2
3-1-5-2 represent the visibility rules pilots follow.
3 = 3 miles of visibility in (Statute miles) necessary
1 = 1,000ft above clouds
5 = must stay 500 ft below clouds
2= must stay 2000 ft horizontally from clouds
what is 1800wxbrief or brief.com
Considered the most reliable resource for airspace information. provided by lockheed martin
What is Latitude?
Lines of LATITUDE run Parallel to the equator and determine distances N. and S. of the equator.
Latitude has 90 degrees going either N or S of the equator.
What is Longitude?
Lines that run PERPENDICULAR to the Prime Meridian (greenwhich Eng) They are used to determine distances East or West of the Prime Meridian.
Longitude, there are 180 degrees E or W of the Prime Meridian.
Characteristics of Radiation fog
*AKA Ground Fog*
Occurs primarily at night or day break
*AKA* Sea Fog. Forms when moist air moves over colder ground or water.
Forms when moist and stable air is cooled while moving upward on sloping terrain.
Cumulonimbis Clouds- CB
Most dangerous for sUAS OPS.
Caused by rising air currents & can appear in large groups. *Typically associated with Thunder Storms TS an Rain. RA
Ceiling (in aviation Terms)
The bottom most layer of clouds, fog, or haze.
*Generally refers to the amount of Vertical visibility.
Dew Point is-
The amount of moisture that can be contained in an air mass & determined by temperature.
Warm air holds more moisture than cold air.
When air reaches saturation, moisture occurs.
*Typically occurs at higher altitudes.
What are the four methods by which air can reach the saturation point.
*when warm air moves over a cold surface, the air temperature drops and reaches the saturation point.
*the saturation point may be reached when cold air and warm air mix.
* when air cools at night through contact with the cooler ground, air reaches its saturation point.
Fourth method occurs when air is lifted or is forced upward in the atmosphere.
What are the 3 conditions that must be present for the development of Thunderstorms.
*Sufficient Water Vapor
*Unstable atmospheric conditions (unstable lapse rate)
*Initial lifting source (surface heating, sloping terrain)ect
A (METAR) is
A METAR is an observation of current surface weather reported in a standard international format. METARs are issued on a regularly scheduled basis unless significant weather changes have occurred.
What are the types of METAR'
Metar and SPECI
What is a SPECI
(SPECI) can be issued at any time between routine METAR reports.
KGGG 161753Z AUTO 14021G26KT 3/4SM +TSRA BR BKN008 OVC012CB 18/17 A2970 RMK PRESFR
(TAF) stands for:
Terminal Aerodrome Forecasts
What is a TAF
A TAF is a report established for the five statute mile (SM) radius around an airport. TAF reports are usually given for larger airports. Each TAF is valid for a 24 or 30-hour time period and is updated four times a day at 0000Z, 0600Z, 1200Z, and 1800Z.
What are Convective SIGMETs or Significant Meteorological Information:
SIGMETS are issued for severe thunderstorms with surface winds greater than 50 knots,
hail at the surface greater than or equal to ¾ inch in diameter, or tornadoes.
They are also issued to advise pilots of embedded thunderstorms, lines of thunderstorms, or thunderstorms with heavy or greater precipitation that affect 40 percent or more of a 3,000 square mile or greater region.
A remote pilot will find these weather alerts helpful for flight planning.
What are the characteristics of Stable Air
*Fair to Poor Visibility in Haze and Smoke