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Flashcards in Past questions Deck (18):
1

Definition of animals suspected of being infected with anthrax:

 were in contact with animal died of, diseased in or suspicious to anthrax within 20 days before the
confirmation
 consumed feedstuffs or water of the same origin as feedstuffs or water of animal died of, diseased in
or suspicious to anthrax
 grazed on a pasture infected with anthrax
without vaccination 2 weeks-6 months before

2

Official measures in case of animals diseased with anthrax:

• separation
• immediate treatment
• change of feedstuffs, drinking water, no grazing

3

Official measures in case of animals suspected of being infected with anthrax:

vaccination, 14 days observation
 cattle, horse: taking the temperature
 sheep, goats, pigs: daily observation
in case of fever or clinical signs: treatment

4

Official measures in infected areas following the eradication of anthrax:

• (pasture or other area where anthrax was confirmed or which was the origin of infection (e.g. water,
feedstuff source)
• village, farm, holding where anthrax was confirmed
• burying ground or pound)
measures:
• fence
• no grazing, feedstuff production
• only vaccinated animals
• min. 25 years!!!

5

Official measures in case of bees colonies diseased with European foul-brood:

• obligatory treatment: all colonies in the protection zone
➢ checks every 2 weeks
➢ if refused: killing without state compensation
• weak bee colony: killing (state compensation is theoretical but it wasnot notified in time)
• if + American foul-brood: prohibition of treatment, killing the diseased colonies

6

Rules of lifting the restriction ordered in case of American foul-brood:

• —no colonies + strict disinfection
• 60 days observation (non-brooding period!) + strict disinfection
• if only colonies suspected of being diseased: and the laboratory ruled out: without disinfection
• if only colonies suspected of being contaminated: without disinfection after observation

7

Official measures in case of sheep diseased with scabies:

• obligatory treatment (approved product)
• if <2 cm wool: 1x
• if >2 cm wool: shearing and 1x or treatment 2x ( interval 7-10 days)
• parallel disinfection of keeping place and equipment (same product)

8

Official measures in case of animals diseased with rabbit haemorrhagic disease:

• movement restrictions, slaughter prohibited, killing,
 disposal of carcasses
 valuable flock: killing of diseases animals + vaccination (during 6 months) !!!

9

Definition of animals diseased of equine infectious anaemia:

• typical clinical signs or
• non-typical clinical signs but demonstration of the virus and/or
2 positive serology
(interval: 21 days)
• pathology, histopathology

10

Samples for FMD

Can be used: is epithelium from
unruptured or freshly ruptured vesicles.
Cannot be used: saliva and blood and/or
oesophageal-pharyngeal fluid samples taken by
probang cup in ruminants or throat swabs from
swine provide an alternative source of virus

11

Negative single intradermal tuberculin test

Negative reaction: if only limited swelling is observed, with an
increase of not more than 2 mm in the thickness of the fold of
skin without clinical signs such as diffuse or extensive oedema,
exudation, necrosis, pain or inflammation of the lymphatic ducts
in that region or of the lymph nodes.
 Inconclusive reaction: if no clinical signs are observed and if the
increase in skin-fold thickness is more than 2 mm and less than
4 mm.

12

Glanders - public health measures

 notification to the public health service
 informing the keepers
 protective cloth, personal disinfection
 no treatment of infected animals
 SD: treatment only by veterinarian

13

Public health measures for TB

 notification to state medical service
 informing the keeper, owner
 personal disinfection
 protective clothes, gloves and footwear
 control of products

14

Official measures of animal diseased with RHD

movement restrictions, slaughter
prohibited, killing,
 disposal of carcasses
! valuable flock: killing of diseases animals +
vaccination of the flock (followed during
the next 6 months)!!!

15

lifting restriction on AFB

— no colonies + strict disinfection
60 days observation (non-brooding period!) +
 strict disinfection
 if only colonies suspected of being diseased: and the
laboratory ruled out: without disinfection
 if only colonies suspected of being contaminated:
without disinfection after observation

16

Public health for brucellosis

 notification to state medical service
 informing the keeper, owner (pregnancy!)
 personal disinfection
 protective clothes, gloves and footwear
 control of products

17

Definition of diseased EIA animal

Diseased :
 typical clinical signs or
 non-typical clinical signs but
demonstration of the virus and/or
2 positive serology
(interval: 21 days)
 pathology, histopathology

Suspected of being diseased animal:
 non-typical clinical signs but
2 inconclusive or 1 positive serology
(interval: 21 days)

18

Lifting restrictions after European fowl brood infection

— no colonies + strict disinfection
 15 days observation + strict disinfection
if only colonies suspected of being diseased: and the laboratory ruled out: without disinfection
if only colonies suspected of being contaminated: without disinfection after observation