Patho- GI & metabolic disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Patho- GI & metabolic disorders Deck (23):
1

_____: spasm of lower esophageal sphincter

due to absence of:_____ plexus

achalasia

presence of: myenteric plexus

2

Budd- Chiari triad

abdominal pn
ascites
hepatomegaly

def: occlusion of hepatic V's
(can also cause jaundice)

3

____: intolerance to gluten. Loss of villi

Celiac dz

aka: non-tropical sprue

4

#1 cause of gallstones

cholelcystitis

5

_____: Affects distal SI (ileum), cecum and ascending colon (right sided prob). NO BLOODY diarrhea

____: affects the left side. Has bloody diarrhea

Right side/ No blood: Crohn's

Left side/ with bl: Ulcerative colitis

6

_____: cobblestone appearance/ skip lesions. Leads to dehydration and non-bloody diarrhea

Crohn's Dz

(right sided prob)

7

____: out pouching of the intestine

MC location: ___& ___

Diverticula

Location: lower left quadrant- sigmoid and descneding

8

_____: MCC of death to children worldwide bc of dehydration from diarrhea

Enteritis

9

_____: MCC of frank red bl. in the stool

hemorrhoids

10

_____: congenital megacolon. absence of myenteric plexus

Hirschbrung's

(myenteric: SP/PS to the motor)

11

_____: telescoping of intestine into self

can be cause by: ____ vaccine

Intusseusception

cause: rotovirus vaccine

12

_____ sx: spastic colon, distention, pn, diarrhea, stress related

Irritable bowel

13

_____: lacerations of esophagus and prox stomach = hematemesis.

caused by alcoholism

mallory weiss sx

14

_____: outpouching of distal ileum

Mechel's divertoculum

15

_____: polyps of the entire GI tract

peutzjegher's

16

_____: iron deficiency anemia & ESOPHAGEAL WEBBING

plummer vinson sx

(the plummer has to clear out the webs)

17

_____: newborn projectile vomiting

pyloric stenosis

18

"lead pipe rigidity"

MC location: ___

ulcerative colitis

location: left side- descending colon, sigmoid colon

19

_____: twisting of an organ

volvulus

20

_____: outpouching of pharynx

zenker's diverticulum

21

Diabetes insipidus
vs.
diabetes mellitus

DI: decr ADH due to post. pituitary prob = dehydration

DM: decr insulin

22

_____: iron in organs & skin. Bronze diabetes

Hemochromatosis

23

hepatolenticular degeneration

Wilson's dz

"kayser fleisher rings"