Pathological Terms - Chapter 7 (Musculoskeletal) Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Pathological Terms - Chapter 7 (Musculoskeletal) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pathological Terms - Chapter 7 (Musculoskeletal) Deck (15):
1

Spina bifida cystica

congenital, vertebrae don't close all the way during development, leaving spinal cord exposed (cyst filled with cerebrospinal fluid is large and very exposed)

2

Spina bifida occulta

congenital, vertebrae only partially cover spinal cord

3

avulsion fracture

caused when a ligament is pulled

4

intracapsular fracture

occurs within the capsule of a joint

5

colles fracture

break in the radius

6

comminuted fracture

splintery bone break

7

greenstick fracture

half the bone breaks (common in young children because cartilage is not fully calcified yet)

8

oblique fracture

slanted break

9

open (compound) fracture

bone breaks through skin

10

spiral fracture

caused by twisting of the bone

11

transverse

break straight across

12

simple (closed)

ex. hairline fracture. break remains closed

13

impacted

bone breaks by pushing into itself

14

scoliosis

side-to-side curvature of spine - abnormal lateral curvature of the spinal column

15

kyphosis

front-to-back curvature of spine - abnormal posterior spinal curvature