Flashcards in Pathology of narynx and larynx Deck (26):
_____ is inflammation of nasal mucosa
What is the most common cause of rhinitis?
adenovirus, common cold
_____ is inflammation of nasal mucosa due to type 1 hsr to an antigen like pollen.
____ is the consequence of repeated rhinitis
If a child has nasal polyps, what should you test for?
What triad is seen in adults with polyps?
adults may develop polyps due to ASA-asthma- asthma, aspirin induced bronchospasms, polyps
____ is a benign tumor of nasal mucosa with blood vessels and fibrous tissue
What is the classic presentation of angiofibroma?
adolescent male with nose bleed
____ is a malignant tumor of nasopharyngeal epithelium
What causes nasopharygneal carcinoma?
Who usually gets nasopharyngeal carcinomas?
African kids and chinese young adults
What would the biopsy of nasopharyngeal carcinoma show?
pleomorphic keratin positive epithelial cells in a background of lymphocytes
_____ is the most common cause of acute epiglottitis in immunized and nonimmunized children.
H influenza type b
What is the presentation of acute epiglottitis?
high fever, sore throat, drooling with dysphagia, muffled voice, inspiratory stridor, risk of airway obstruction--- EMERGENCY
____ is inflammation of upper airway
what is the most common cause of Larygnotracheobronchitis?
What is the presentation of Larygnotracheobronchitis?
hoarse barking cough with inspiratory stridor
What causes vocal cord nodule? What is the treatment
over use, so treatment is rest
What would histology show for vocal cord nodule?
degenerative myxoid connective tissue
____ is a benign tumor of vocal cord due to HPV 6 and 11.
How many lesions are seen with laryngeal papilloma?
single in adults, many with kdis
Are vocal cord nodules more unilateral or bilateral?
What is the presentation of laryngeal papilloma?
_____ is a squamous cell carcinoma arising from epithelial lining of vocal cord
What are the risk factors for laryngeal carcinoma?
alcohol and tobacco