Pathology of narynx and larynx Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pathology of narynx and larynx Deck (26):
1

_____ is inflammation of nasal mucosa

Rhinitis

2

What is the most common cause of rhinitis?

adenovirus, common cold

3

_____ is inflammation of nasal mucosa due to type 1 hsr to an antigen like pollen.

Allergic rhinitis

4

____ is the consequence of repeated rhinitis

nasal polyp

5

If a child has nasal polyps, what should you test for?

cystic fibrosis

6

What triad is seen in adults with polyps?

adults may develop polyps due to ASA-asthma- asthma, aspirin induced bronchospasms, polyps

7

____ is a benign tumor of nasal mucosa with blood vessels and fibrous tissue

angiofibroma

8

What is the classic presentation of angiofibroma?

adolescent male with nose bleed

9

____ is a malignant tumor of nasopharyngeal epithelium

nasopharyngeal carcinoma

10

What causes nasopharygneal carcinoma?

EBV

11

Who usually gets nasopharyngeal carcinomas?

African kids and chinese young adults

12

What would the biopsy of nasopharyngeal carcinoma show?

pleomorphic keratin positive epithelial cells in a background of lymphocytes

13

_____ is the most common cause of acute epiglottitis in immunized and nonimmunized children.

H influenza type b

14

What is the presentation of acute epiglottitis?

high fever, sore throat, drooling with dysphagia, muffled voice, inspiratory stridor, risk of airway obstruction--- EMERGENCY

15

____ is inflammation of upper airway

Larygnotracheobronchitis

16

what is the most common cause of Larygnotracheobronchitis?

parainfluenza

17

What is the presentation of Larygnotracheobronchitis?

hoarse barking cough with inspiratory stridor

18

What causes vocal cord nodule? What is the treatment

over use, so treatment is rest

19

What would histology show for vocal cord nodule?

degenerative myxoid connective tissue

20

____ is a benign tumor of vocal cord due to HPV 6 and 11.

Laryngeal papilloma

21

How many lesions are seen with laryngeal papilloma?

single in adults, many with kdis

22

Are vocal cord nodules more unilateral or bilateral?

bilateral

23

What is the presentation of laryngeal papilloma?

hoarseness

24

_____ is a squamous cell carcinoma arising from epithelial lining of vocal cord

laryngeal carcinoma

25

What are the risk factors for laryngeal carcinoma?

alcohol and tobacco

26

What is the presentation of laryngeal carcinoma?

hoarseness cough and stridor