Pathology of the Gall Bladder and Exocrine Pancreas Flashcards Preview

Digestive, Endocrine, and Metabolic Systems > Pathology of the Gall Bladder and Exocrine Pancreas > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pathology of the Gall Bladder and Exocrine Pancreas Deck (13):
1

90% of _________ is due to choleliths and 40% of _____________ is due to choleliths.

cholecystitis; pancreatitis

2

80% of gallstones are _________.

cholesterol (the other 20% are pigment and are more associated with east Asian ancestry)

3

90% of cholecystitis occurs due to ____________.

calculous obstruction

4

___________________ has a very poor prognosis (only 1% at five years).

Gallbladder cancers

5

True or false: choledochal cysts most often present in the sixth decade.

False. They're congenital.

6

Risk factors for bile duct carcinoma include ____________.

- Cholelithiasis
- Choledochal cysts
- Gallbladder flukes
- Primary sclerosing cholangitis

7

The vast majority of pancreatic neoplasms are __________.

ductal adenocarcinoma

8

Gallstones become symptomatic at the rate of __% per year.

2

9

The ligament of Treitz is located at the __________ junction.

duodeno-jejunal

10

Chronic cholecystitis is due to _____________.

recurrent gallstones with fibrosis from inflammation (although this is disputed – the real reason is not well understood)

11

Most gallbladder cancer is ______________.

adenocarcinoma

12

Why does alcohol cause acute pancreatitis?

Alcohol (1) induces closure of the sphincter of Oddi, (2) stimulates secretion of pancreatic enzymes, and (3) causes defective packaging of enzymes.

13

What kinds of endocrine neoplasm can arise in the pancreas?

Gastrinoma
Glucagonoma
Insulinoma

Decks in Digestive, Endocrine, and Metabolic Systems Class (133):