Flashcards in Pathology of the Gall Bladder and Exocrine Pancreas Deck (13):
90% of _________ is due to choleliths and 40% of _____________ is due to choleliths.
80% of gallstones are _________.
cholesterol (the other 20% are pigment and are more associated with east Asian ancestry)
90% of cholecystitis occurs due to ____________.
___________________ has a very poor prognosis (only 1% at five years).
True or false: choledochal cysts most often present in the sixth decade.
False. They're congenital.
Risk factors for bile duct carcinoma include ____________.
- Choledochal cysts
- Gallbladder flukes
- Primary sclerosing cholangitis
The vast majority of pancreatic neoplasms are __________.
Gallstones become symptomatic at the rate of __% per year.
The ligament of Treitz is located at the __________ junction.
Chronic cholecystitis is due to _____________.
recurrent gallstones with fibrosis from inflammation (although this is disputed – the real reason is not well understood)
Most gallbladder cancer is ______________.
Why does alcohol cause acute pancreatitis?
Alcohol (1) induces closure of the sphincter of Oddi, (2) stimulates secretion of pancreatic enzymes, and (3) causes defective packaging of enzymes.