Flashcards in Pathophys of DKA and Hyperglycemia Deck (9):
In diabetic ketoacidosis, the blood sugar level is always over what value?
In Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome, what is the blood sugar
What is the most common predisposing factor for DKA and HHS?
-New onset diabetes
- Discontinued Insulin
The production of glucose from non-carbohydrate precursors
THree slides on acute insulin deficiency are gold
look at em
Describe what happens to carbohydrate metabolism in Acute Insulin Deficiency
I'll give you the start point and it is :
1) Insulin deficiency leads to low glucose usage/uptake
2) High blood glucose (hyperglycemia)
3) High glucose in the urine
5) loss of fluids and electrolytes
6) Circulatory failure
Describe what happens to protein metabolism in Acute Insulin Deficiency
1.) Protein breakdown is increased and protein synthesis is increased.
2) Plasma amino acids rise
3) These amino acids are ammo for gluconeogenesis (the production of glucose from non carb substances) in the liver.
4) Blood glucose goes up
6) dehydration and electrolytes are gone
7) Circulatory failure
Suck my balls
Describe what happens to lipid metabolism in acute insulin deficiency
1) TAGs are converted to FFA
2) Increased ploasma FFA
3) FFAs are oxidized
4) Ketone Bodies formed
5) High plasma ketones
7) Alkaline reserves are mobilized