Patterns of sensory loss Flashcards Preview

Year 2 C&M Clinical Symposia > Patterns of sensory loss > Flashcards

Flashcards in Patterns of sensory loss Deck (14)
1

What is Brown Sequard syndrome?

Hemi cord lesion

2

What is myelitis?

Inflammation of the spinal cord

3

What 3 risk factors is a right thalamic infarct associated with?

1) Smoking
2) High pressure
3) Diabetes

4

What is a lacunar stroke?

A stoke affecting small perforating vessels

5

What is synringomelia?

Rare condition, it is expansion of the spinal canal

6

How can synringomelia be treated?

Can be treated surgically

7

What are the 7 main causes of peripheral neuropathy?

1) Diabetes mellitus
2) Autoimmune - Guillan-Barre, CIPD, vasculitis
3) Toxic (including drugs, alcohol)
4) Vitamin deficiency
5) Paraneoplastic
6) Chronic kidney, liver disease
7) Inherited (Charcot-Marie Tooth disease)

8

What is subacute combined degeneration?

Degeneration of the dorsal columns

9

What deficieny causes subacute combined degeneration and what Ab is it associated with?

B12 deficiency
Associated usually with anti-parietal cell Ab

10

What other neuropathy can be caused by subacute combined degeneration?

Can also cause peripheral neuropathy or degeneration

11

What is the treatment for subacute combined degeneration?

B12 injections (Cant give oral tablet, parietal cells are destroyed)
Giving B12 injections will stop the condition but wont reverse the disease

12

Dissociated sensory loss occurs due to lesions where?

Lesions in the spinal cord or brainstem

13

Pure sensory stroke is caused by what?

Thalamic infarct

14

What is the distribution of peripheral neuropathy?

Glove and stocking distribution