PDx vocab, exam 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PDx vocab, exam 1 Deck (225)
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1

LOC: alert patient who opens eyes, focuses on you, responds fully and appropriately to stimuli

Alert

2

LOC: pt must be shaken as if waking a sleeping person. Eyes open but responses are slow and somewhat confused. Requires you to force them to focus

obtunded

3

LOC: pt is unarousable. eyes closed. no evident response to inner needs or external stimuli

coma

4

LOC: pt responds to loud voices. Pt appears drowsy but opens eyes and responds to questions and then falls back to sleep. Focuses with effort, but not without encouragement

Lethargic

5

LOC: Patient arouses from sleep only after painful stimuli. verbal responses are slow or absent. patient lapses into unresponsive state when the stimulus ceases

stupor

6

What is the formula for BMI?

[(wt# x 700)/ht"]/ht"

7

FACIES: small, round head, flattened nasal bridge, prominent epicanthl folds, small low-set ears, large tongue, (Also hypotonia, simian lines, MR)

Trisomy21 Down Syndrome

8

What do you call it when a patient only has a single crease line on the palm of the hand?

Simian line

9

FACIES: moon face, flushed cheeks, excessive hair growth

Cushings

10

FACIES: warm, moist, soft, velvet skin. Thin hair, exophthalmos (also pretibial myedema)

Grave's Dz

11

FACIES: dry rough pale skin, course brittle hair, alopecia, thin brittle nails, thinning of lateral eyebrows, dull puffy face, edema, especially around the eyes

hypothyroid

12

FACIES: elongated head, bony prominent forehead, enlarged soft tissures of mouth, nose, and ears, prominent jaw

acromegaly

13

FACIES: dry skin, temporal wasting, dental caries

Anorexia

14

What do FACIES actually mean?

You can draw conclusions about a patient's underlying health condition based on just looking at them during your general survey.

15

What pressure change constitutes orthostatic BP?

First reading taken in supine position. Second reading taken within 3 minutes of standing from supine position. Pressure in second reading is positive for orthostatic hypotension if the Systolic drops >20mmHg OR the Diastolic drops >10mmHg

16

A pulse can be weak or bounding. These are examples of _____________

amplitude

17

The diastolic flow of blood from the aorta into the left ventricle

Aortic regurgitation

18

The silent interval that may be present b/t the systolic and diastolic BP's. (Sound that disappears and reappears)

Ascultatory Gap

19

A patient's pulse has a decrease in amplitude during inspiration, alerting you that there is a decrease in cardiac output during inspiration

Paradoxical pulse

20

What are some causes of paradoxical pulse?

pericardial tamponade, constrictive pericarditis, obstructive lung dz

21

Unpredictable irregularity in breathing, may be shallow or deep and may stop for short periods

Ataxic (Biot's breathing)

22

periods of crescendo/decrescendo breathing between apneas

Cheyne-Stokes breathing

23

When is the body's temperature naturally cooler?

morning (higher in afternoon)

24

1) clinical term for fever? 2) how high is the temp to be considered a fever?

pyrexia, 100.4

25

A fever higher than 106.0 is called___________

hyperpyrexia

26

Low temperature is called______________. It is any temp under_________degrees. Temp this low can be a sign of _____________.

hypothermia, 95 degrees, sepsis

27

What type of pain relates to tissue damage?

somatic pain (or nociceptive paint)

28

What type of pain relates to injury of the nervous system?

Neuropathic pain

29

What type of pain results from anxiety/depression, personality, or coping style?

Psychogenic pain

30

What type of pain occurs without an identifiable cause?

Idiopathic pain