Flashcards in P.E Ka4 Deck (38):
What is mental health and well-being?
A state of well being in which a person realises there potential and is able to cope with the stresses of life
What is social health and well being?
All basic human needs are met: they have food, shelter and clothing. Being socially active and have friends
What is physical health and well being?
Being free from illness and injury and all the body systems work well
What is fitness?
•ability to cope with the environment
•take part in regular sport
•able to carry out everyday actions
What is health?
A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease
What is qualitative data?
Data that focuses understanding things. It uses words (people opinions, feelings and the way they think and behave. It gives you a subjective answer to your question
What is quantitative data?
Data that focuses on measuring things and uses numbers and facts. Gives you a objective answer to your question
How can qualitative data be collected?
By questionnaires involving open questions
How can quantitative data be collected?
Using questionnaires involving closed questions (defined answers).
What are the components of fitness?
What are two limitations of fitness testing?
Tests are not sport specific. They also do not replicate the movement used in most sports
What fitness test is used to test flexibility?
Sit and reach test
What test is used to test strength?
Hand grip dynamometer
What test is used to test maximal strength?
One rep max
What fitness test is used to test agility?
Illinois agility test
What fitness test is used to test coordination?
What fitness test is used to test balance?
Stork balance test
What fitness test is used to test power?
Vertical jump test
What fitness test is used to test reaction time?
Ruler drop test
What fitness test is used to test muscular endurance?
Sit up bleep test
What fitness test is used to test speed?
30m sprint test
What is training?
A programme of exercise to help you reach your fitness goals
What are the stages of training?
Work, recovery, rest
What are the principles of training?
What is specificity?
Training must match the needs and demands of the activity and individual. Looking at strengths and weaknesses.
What is progression?
Starting slowly and gradually increasing the amount exercise and keep overloading. Not risking injury.
What is overload?
Fitness can only be improved by training more than you normally do. Working harder to allow your body to adapt and improve. Varying frequency, intensity and time of training
What is reversibility?
Any adaption that takes place as a result of training will be reversed when you stop training. If you stop training you will lose fitness
What is rest (recovery)?
Resting to allow your body to recover. Resting between sets and complete resting days. (Reducing injury)
What is tedium?
Using a variety of training methods relieves tedium and avoids boredom in training
What are the principals of Overload?
What is frequency?
How often you train. You can ensure overload by increasing the number of training sessions
What is intensity?
How hard you train. You can ensure overload by gradually increasing how hard you train (increasing incline on a running machine)
What is Time?
How long you train for. You can ensure overload by increasing the time you spend exercising in each training session.
What is Type?
The specific method of training. You can ensure overload by taking part in different methods of training. (Switching between continuous, internal and fartlek training)
Would the Illinois agility test be appropriate for a netball player?
Yes because it tests how quickly a person can change direction at speed and position of their body while maintaining control.
What test is used to measure cardiovascular endurance?
Multi stage fitness test