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Flashcards in P.E Ka4 Deck (38):
1

What is mental health and well-being?

A state of well being in which a person realises there potential and is able to cope with the stresses of life

2

What is social health and well being?

All basic human needs are met: they have food, shelter and clothing. Being socially active and have friends

3

What is physical health and well being?

Being free from illness and injury and all the body systems work well

4

What is fitness?

•ability to cope with the environment

•take part in regular sport

•able to carry out everyday actions

5

What is health?

A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease

6

What is qualitative data?

Data that focuses understanding things. It uses words (people opinions, feelings and the way they think and behave. It gives you a subjective answer to your question

7

What is quantitative data?

Data that focuses on measuring things and uses numbers and facts. Gives you a objective answer to your question

8

How can qualitative data be collected?

By questionnaires involving open questions

9

How can quantitative data be collected?

Using questionnaires involving closed questions (defined answers).

10

What are the components of fitness?

-agility
-speed
-reaction time
-coordination
-strength
-balance
-cardiovascular endurance
-muscular endurance
-Power/explosive strength
-flexibility

11

What are two limitations of fitness testing?

Tests are not sport specific. They also do not replicate the movement used in most sports

12

What fitness test is used to test flexibility?

Sit and reach test

13

What test is used to test strength?

Hand grip dynamometer

14

What test is used to test maximal strength?

One rep max

15

What fitness test is used to test agility?

Illinois agility test

16

What fitness test is used to test coordination?

Wall toss

17

What fitness test is used to test balance?

Stork balance test

18

What fitness test is used to test power?

Vertical jump test

19

What fitness test is used to test reaction time?

Ruler drop test

20

What fitness test is used to test muscular endurance?

Sit up bleep test

21

What fitness test is used to test speed?

30m sprint test

22

What is training?

A programme of exercise to help you reach your fitness goals

23

What are the stages of training?

Work, recovery, rest

24

What are the principles of training?

Specificity
Progression
Overload
Reversibility
Rest
Tedium

25

What is specificity?

Training must match the needs and demands of the activity and individual. Looking at strengths and weaknesses.

26

What is progression?

Starting slowly and gradually increasing the amount exercise and keep overloading. Not risking injury.

27

What is overload?

Fitness can only be improved by training more than you normally do. Working harder to allow your body to adapt and improve. Varying frequency, intensity and time of training

28

What is reversibility?

Any adaption that takes place as a result of training will be reversed when you stop training. If you stop training you will lose fitness

29

What is rest (recovery)?

Resting to allow your body to recover. Resting between sets and complete resting days. (Reducing injury)

30

What is tedium?

Using a variety of training methods relieves tedium and avoids boredom in training

31

What are the principals of Overload?

Frequency
Intensity
Time
Type

32

What is frequency?

How often you train. You can ensure overload by increasing the number of training sessions

33

What is intensity?

How hard you train. You can ensure overload by gradually increasing how hard you train (increasing incline on a running machine)

34

What is Time?

How long you train for. You can ensure overload by increasing the time you spend exercising in each training session.

35

What is Type?

The specific method of training. You can ensure overload by taking part in different methods of training. (Switching between continuous, internal and fartlek training)

36

Would the Illinois agility test be appropriate for a netball player?

Yes because it tests how quickly a person can change direction at speed and position of their body while maintaining control.

37

What test is used to measure cardiovascular endurance?

Multi stage fitness test

38

What are two benefits of using fitness tests?

Show your strengths and weaknesses

Help with motivation and establish starting levels and setting realistic goals