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Flashcards in pediatrics disease Deck (10):
1

Rubeola- AKA, age, pathogen, s/sx

MEASLES- ordinary measles, red measles
any age
virus
fever, runny nose, cough, red eyes, spreading skin rash, KOPLICKS SPOTS (mucosal whitedots/red)

2

Rubella- AKA, age, pathogen, s/sx, special considerations

MEASLES- 3 day measles,
any age
virus
Erythematous maculpapular rash, starts on face spreads to extremities, trunk
gone in 72 hours, not ver sick
Teratogenicity

3

Roseola infantum- AKA, pathogen, age, s/sx

MEASLES- sixth disease
pathogen- herpesvirus 6
age is 6months-2years
s/sx URI symptoms, small pink flat to raised bumps, truck then extremities, HIGH FEVER over a week, abrupt end when rash develops

4

Erythema infectiosum- AKA, age, pathogen, s/sx, special considerations

MEASLES- fifth disease
5-14 years
Human parvovirus b19
s/sx: sudden onset, SLAPPED CHEEK APPEARANCE, lacy reticular exanthema, face then arms, legs, trunk and dorsum, of hands/ feet
Special consideration:
Fetal vs fatal aplastic crisis- call OB to give IgG
Not contagious after fever breaks

5

What is the rash called for lyme disease

erythema migrans- A flat or raised red lesion that expands over several days but has a central clearing, commonly appears in areas of tight clothing

6

Laboratory tests for lyme disease

Detection of antibody to B. burdorferi via ELISA screening
Western blot assay is confirmatory
B.burgdorferi may be cultured from skin aspirate
elevated ESR

7

What is the diagnostic criteria for Lyme disease

Exposure to tick habitat within the last 30 days WITH:
1)erythema migraines OR
2)one late manifestation and confirmatory lab

8

Treatment for lyme disease

Amoxicillin or cefuroxamine axetil for under age 7
Doxycycline for over age 7

9

Definition of the Coxsackie virus and AKA

hand-foot-mouth disease, a highly contagious viral illness resulting in ulceration and inflammation of the soft palate (herpangina) and papulovesicular exanthem on the hands and feet. Affects children under 10, revolves spontaneously in 1 week

10

s/sx of coxsackie virus

fever, malaise, vomiting, drooling, papulovesicular rash