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Flashcards in Pelvis And Pelvic Floor Deck (20):
1

What are the four different types of pelvis called?

Gyenaecoid
Android
Anthropoid
Platypelloid

2

Name four characteristics of the gyenaecoid pelvis?

- rounded brim
- 90 degree subpubic angle
- shallow cavity
- blunt ischial spines
- large forepelvis

3

Give three functions of the pelvis.

Attaches the lower limbs
Supports and protects and pelvic and abdominal organs
Distributes body weight to allow for upright posture

4

How many fused vertebrae make up the-
Coccyx
Sacrum

4 make up the coccyx
5 make up the sacrum

5

What shape is the-
Coccyx
Sacrum

Coccyx is triangular
Sacrum is wedge shaped

6

Which four bones make up the pelvis?

Right inominate bone
Left inominate bone
Coccyx
Sacrum

7

What three parts are the inominate bones made up of?

Ileum, ischium and pubis

8

Name the 4 pelvic joints

2x sacroiliac joints
1x sacrococcygeal joint
1x sympahsis pubis

9

What is the anterioposterior diameter of the pelvic brim?

11cm

10

What is the anterioposterior diameter of the pelvic cavity?

12cm

11

What is the anterioposterior diameter of the pelvic outlet?

13cm

12

What is the right and left oblique diameter of the pelvic brim?

12cm

13

What is the right and left oblique diameter of the pelvic cavity?

12cm

14

What is the right and left oblique diameter of the pelvic outlet?

12cm

15

What is the transverse diameter of the pelvic brim?

13cm

16

What is the transverse diameter of the pelvic cavity?

12cm

17

What is the transverse diameter of the pelvic outlet?

11cm

18

Give three functions of the pelvic floor muscles

Supports and abdominal and pelvic organs
Provides control of bladder and bowel usage
Facilitates movements of foetus through the birth canal during labour

19

Name the 10 superficial perineal muscles

1 urethral sphincter
1 anal sphincter
2 ischiocavernosus
2 bulbocavernosus
2 transverse perineal
2 triangular ligaments

20

Name the 6 deep perineal muscles

2 pubococcygeal
2 iliococcygeal
2 ischiococcygeal