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Flashcards in People Deck (22):
1

Robert Hooke

coined the term "cell", father of microscopy- "micrographia"

2

Anton Van Leeuwenhoek

microscope 200x, animalcules term, saw first "life" under microscope, disproved "spontaneous generation"

3

Francesco Redi

"Biogenesis" - life comes with preexisting cells

4

Ignaz Semmelweis

childbirth fever, wash hands in chlorinated water

5

John Snow

first disease detective, transmission of cholera linked to polluted water

6

Edward Jenner

smallpox vaccine

7

Christian Ehrenberg

changed "animalcules" to bacteria

8

Louis Pasteur

pasteurization "the process of mild heating to kill particular spoilage microorganisms or pathogens- Germ theory of disease

9

Joseph Lister

"phenol-antisepsis", the use of chemical methods for disinfection of living tissue

10

Robert Koch

Koch's postulates

11

Fanny Hesse

agar- a pollysaccharide derived from marine seaweed that is used as a solidifying agent

12

Dimitri Ivanowsky

tobacco mosaic virus (1st virus)

13

Paul Ehrlich

synthesized the 1st chemical that could kill pathogens and not the host- salvasart (arsenic derivative to kill syphyllis)- chemo (antimicrobial agents to kill microbes)

14

Alexander Fleming

Penicillium mold

15

Gerhard Domagk

synthetic chemical dye called Prontosil used to treat streptococcus

16

Selman Waxman

cited the term antibiotic (substance produced by one microorganism to kill another microorganism)

17

Carl Linnaeus

binomial nomenclature- swedish- uniform system of naming organisms based on shared characteristics (animally or vegetarian)

18

Haeckel

3rd kingdom- Protist- single celled organisms

19

Copland

4th kingdom- Monera- bacteria

20

Whittaker

5th kingdom- Fungi- fungus are indentifiable by extracellular digestion

21

Carl Woes

domain classification- only 3 domains (bacteria, archaea, eukarya)- determined by rRna sequence

22

David Bergey

one of 1st systems of classifications for prokaryotes "Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology"