Peptic Ulcer Disease Flashcards Preview

NClex > Peptic Ulcer Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Peptic Ulcer Disease Deck (12)
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1

What bacteria is responsible for most peptic ulcers?

H. pylori

2

Where are most peptic ulcers found?

Gastric and duodenal

3

When a client has ulcers, what will the vomit look like?

"Coffee ground"

4

When a client has ulcers, what will the stool like?

"Black tarry"

5

What medications should be avoided?

NSAIDs

6

Is Tylenol (acetaminiohen) a NSAID?

No

7

ULCERS-GASTRIC VS DUODENAL
Where are the ulcers?
Does stomach acid increase
Where does the pain occur?
When does the pain occur?

Gastric Duodenal
Stomach Duodenum
No Normal production Yes, increased production
Mid- epigastric region Mid- epigastric region
With meals or after eating On an empty stomach
"Starve a gastric ulcer" "feed a duodenal ulcer"

8

What type of medication will be given to decrease gastric acid production in duodenal ulcers?

H2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors

9

What are medication examples of H2 blockers?

Zantac (ranitidine)
Tagamet (cimetidine)

10

What are medications examples of proton pump inhibitors?

Generic ending in "-zole"
Nexium (esomeprozole)
Protonix (pantoprozole)
Prilosec (omeprazole)

11

______ are prescribed to neutralize gastric acid.

Antacids

12

What should you teach clients with ulcers to avoid?

Smoking and alcohol

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