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Flashcards in Periodic Table Deck (127):
1

Name the six elements most commonly recognized as metalloids

B(5)

Si(14)

Ge(32)      As(33)

Sb(51)      Te(52)

2

Cobalt Name Origins

-meaning

-brief story

-famous historical use of cobalt

-longer story

Cobalt gets its name from the German word Kobold, meaning goblin.

Cobalt ore looks a lot like silver ore but gives black soot and poisonous gas instead of silver!

Cobalt had been used for centuries to color blue the special glass we use to look at an eclipse, and to make cobalt blue pigments, a very stable medium dark blue. German miners named it Kobold ore (Goblin ore) because of all of the mischief it caused when they tried to refine it. As mentioned above, ores containing cobalt looked a lot like silver. The miners would get really excited when they saw this. But, when they refined it, instead of getting beautiful, gleaming, expensive silver after smelting the ore, they were left with a pile of black powder (cobalt oxide). Rocks containing cobalt also tend to have arsenic in them too. Smelting of poisonous arsenic, as you may imagine, has much worse side-effects than just finding black powder in the place of silver.

Cobalt is a goblin. Mischevious, but very rewarding when treated right. It turns out that the comparison of cobalt to a goblin is pretty spot on. In both German and Nordic folktales, the basic gist is that Goblins will be very good to the people that they live with as long as they are treated well. When a goblin feels that he is not treated well, his retribution is swift and stinging.

3

Nickel Name Origins

-meaning

-where and when

From 'Kupfer-nickel', copper of Old Nick.

Named after 'Nickel' a mischievous sprite of German mythology (similar to Old Nick).

Nickel ore looks like copper ore but gave miners no copper. In medieval Germany, a red mineral was found in the Erzgebirge (Ore Mountains) that resembled copper ore. However, when miners were unable to extract any copper from it, they blamed the sprite 'Nickel' for besetting the copper and called the ore Kupfernickel from the German Kupfer for copper. This ore is now known to be nickeline (aka niccolite), a nickel arsenide.

In 1751, Baron Axel Fredrik Cronstedt tried to extract copper from kupfernickel at a cobalt mine in the Swedish village of Los, and instead produced a white metal that he named after the spirit that had given its name to the mineral, nickel

4

Aluminium Name Origins

From Alum or Alumen

The ancient Greeks and Romans used alumen (alum, potassium aluminium sulfate, K2Al6(OH)12(SO4)4) in medicine as an astringent, and as a mordant in dyeing.

Alum was exported from ancient Greece and Italy.

5

What element shares its name with a formation in a cave?

Tin, Sn, from Latin Stannum or Stagnum meaning dripping Stalagmites, formed on the ground by drippings

6

Rh

Re

Rhodium 45

Rhenium 75

7

Rn

Ra

Radon  86

Radium 88

8

Ru

Rf

Ruthenium 44

Rutherfordium 104

9

Rb

Ru

Rh

Re

Rn

Ra

Rf

Rubidium 37

Ruthenium 44

Rhodium 45

Rhenium 75

Radon 86

Radium 88

Rutherfordium 104

10

Rb

Ru

Rh

Rubidium 37

Ruthenium 44

Rhodium 45

11

Re

Rn

Ra

Rf

Rhenium 75

Radon 86

Radium 88

Rutherfordium 104

12

Tm

Tl

Thulium 69

Thallium 81

13

Ta

Th

Tantalum 73

Thorium 90

14

Ti

Tc

Te

Tb

Titanium 22

Technetium 43

Tellurium 52

Terbium 65

15

Ti

Tc

Te

Tb

Tm

Ta

Tl

Th

Titanium 22

Technetium 43

Tellurium 52

Terbium 65

Thulium 69

Tantalum 73

Thallium 81

Thorium 90

16

Rb

Rubidium 37

17

Ru

Ruthenium 44

18

Rh

Rhodium 45

19

Re

Rhenium 75

20

Rn

Radon 86

21

Ra

Radium 88

22

Rf

Rutherfordium 104

23

Ti

Titanium 22

24

Tc

Technetium 43

25

Te

Tellurium 52

26

Tb

Terbium 65

27

Tm

Thulium 69

28

Ta

Tantalum 73

29

Tl

Thallium 81

30

Th

Thorium 90

31

Tl

Tm

Thallium 81

Thulium 69

32

41

Niobium Nb

33

42

Molybdenum Mo

34

41

42

Niobium Nb

Molybdenum Mo

35

43

Technetium Tc

36

41

42

43

Niobium Nb

Molybdenum Mo

Technetium Tc

37

44

Ruthenium Ru

38

43

44

Technetium Tc

Ruthenium Ru

39

45

Rhodium Rh

40

44

45

Ruthenium Ru

Rhodium Rh

41

43

44

45

Technetium Tc

Ruthenium Ru

Rhodium Rh

42

46

Palladium Pd

43

45

46

Rhodium Rh

Palladium Pd

44

47

Silver Ag

45

48

Cadmium Cd

46

45

46

47

Rhodium Rh

Palladium Pd

Silver Ag

47

46

47

48

Palladium Pd

Silver Ag

Cadmium Cd

48

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

Yttrium Y

Zirconium Zr

Niobium Nb

Molybdenum Mo

Technetium Tc

Ruthenium Ru

Rhodium Rh

Palladium Pd

Silver Ag

Cadmium Cd

49

49

Indium In

50

43

44

45

46

47

Technetium Tc

Ruthenium Ru

Rhodium Rh

Palladium Pd

Silver Ag

51

45

46

47

48

49

Rhodium Rh

Palladium Pd

Silver Ag

Cadmium Cd

Indium In

52

47

48

49

Silver Ag

Cadmium Cd

Indium In

53

50

Tin Sn

54

48

49

50

Cadmium Cd

Indium In

Tin Sn

55

51

Antimony Sb

56

49

50

51

Indium In

Tin Sn

Antimony Sb

57

52

Tellurium Te

58

50

51

52

Tin Sn

Antimony Sb

Tellurium Te

59

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

Niobium Nb

Molybdenum Mo

Technetium Tc

Ruthenium Ru

Rhodium Rh

Palladium Pd

Silver Ag

Cadmium Cd

Indium In

60

53

Iodine I

61

54

Xenon Xe

62

51

52

53

Antimony Sb

Tellurium Te

Iodine I

63

52

53

54

Tellurium Te

Iodine I

Xenon Xe

64

55

Cesium Cs

65

53

54

55

Iodine I

Xenon Xe

Cesium Cs

66

51

52

53

54

55

Antimony Sb

Tellurium Te

Iodine I

Xenon Xe

Cesium Cs

67

56

Barium Ba

68

54

55

56

Xenon Xe

Cesium Cs

Barium Ba

69

57

Lanthanum La

70

53

54

55

56

57

Iodine I

Xenon Xe

Cesium Cs

Barium Ba

Lanthanum La

71

55

56

57

Cesium Cs

Barium Ba

Lanthanum La

72

58

Cerium Ce

73

56

57

58

Barium Ba

Lanthanum La

Cerium Ce

74

59

Praseodymium Pr

75

57

58

59

Lanthanum La

Cerium Ce

Praseodymium Pr

76

55

56

57

58

59

Cesium Cs

Barium Ba

Lanthanum La

Cerium Ce

Praseodymium Pr

77

60

Neodymium Nd

78

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

Antimony Sb

Tellurium Te

Iodine I

Xenon Xe

Cesium Cs

Barium Ba

Lanthanum La

Cerium Ce

Praseodymium Pr

Neodymium Nd

79

58

59

60

Cerium Ce

Praseodymium Pr

Neodymium Nd

80

Niobium Nb

41

81

Molybdenum Mo

42

82

Niobium Nb

Molybdenum Mo

41

42

83

Technetium Tc

43

84

Niobium Nb

Molybdenum Mo

Technetium Tc

41

42

43

85

Ruthenium Ru

44

86

Technetium Tc

Ruthenium Ru

43

44

87

Rhodium Rh

45

88

Ruthenium Ru

Rhodium Rh

44

45

89

Technetium Tc

Ruthenium Ru

Rhodium Rh

43

44

45

90

Palladium Pd

46

91

Rhodium Rh

Palladium Pd

45

46

92

Silver Ag

47

93

Cadmium Cd

48

94

Rhodium Rh

Palladium Pd

Silver Ag

45

46

47

95

Palladium Pd

Silver Ag

Cadmium Cd

46

47

48

96

Yttrium Y

Zirconium Zr

Niobium Nb

Molybdenum Mo

Technetium Tc

Ruthenium Ru

Rhodium Rh

Palladium Pd

Silver Ag

Cadmium Cd

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

97

Indium In

49

98

Technetium Tc

Ruthenium Ru

Rhodium Rh

Palladium Pd

Silver Ag

43

44

45

46

47

99

Rhodium Rh

Palladium Pd

Silver Ag

Cadmium Cd

Indium In

45

46

47

48

49

100

Silver Ag

Cadmium Cd

Indium In

47

48

49

101

Tin Sn

50

102

Cadmium Cd

Indium In

Tin Sn

48

49

50

103

Antimony Sb

51

104

Indium In

Tin Sn

Antimony Sb

49

50

51

105

Tellurium Te

52

106

Tin Sn

Antimony Sb

Tellurium Te

50

51

52

107

Niobium Nb

Molybdenum Mo

Technetium Tc

Ruthenium Ru

Rhodium Rh

Palladium Pd

Silver Ag

Cadmium Cd

Indium In

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

108

Iodine I

53

109

Xenon Xe

54

110

Antimony Sb

Tellurium Te

Iodine I

51

52

53

111

Tellurium Te

Iodine I

Xenon Xe

52

53

54

112

Cesium Cs

55

113

Iodine I

Xenon Xe

Cesium Cs

53

54

55

114

Antimony Sb

Tellurium Te

Iodine I

Xenon Xe

Cesium Cs

51

52

53

54

55

115

Barium Ba

56

116

Xenon Xe

Cesium Cs

Barium Ba

54

55

56

117

Lanthanum La

57

118

Iodine I

Xenon Xe

Cesium Cs

Barium Ba

Lanthanum La

53

54

55

56

57

119

Cesium Cs

Barium Ba

Lanthanum La

55

56

57

120

Cerium Ce

58

121

Barium Ba

Lanthanum La

Cerium Ce

56

57

58

122

Praseodymium Pr

59

123

Lanthanum La

Cerium Ce

Praseodymium Pr

57

58

59

124

Cesium Cs

Barium Ba

Lanthanum La

Cerium Ce

Praseodymium Pr

55

56

57

58

59

125

Neodymium Nd

60

126

Antimony Sb

Tellurium Te

Iodine I

Xenon Xe

Cesium Cs

Barium Ba

Lanthanum La

Cerium Ce

Praseodymium Pr

Neodymium Nd

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

127

Cerium Ce

Praseodymium Pr

Neodymium Nd

58

59

60