PERIODIC TABLE - Groups, Blocks, Periods, Patterns Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PERIODIC TABLE - Groups, Blocks, Periods, Patterns Deck (35):
1

Name the first 6 elements in

Group 1

"Alkali Metals"

H
Li
Na
K
Rb
Cs

2

Name the first 4 elements in

Group 2

"Alkaline Earth Metals"

Be
Mg
Ca
Sr

3

Name the first 3 elements in

Group 13

"Boron group" or "Triels"

B
Al
Ga

4

Name the first 4 elements in

Group 13

"Boron group" or "Triels"

B
Al
Ga
In

5

Name the first 4 elements in

Group 14

"Carbon group" or "tetragens"

C
Si
Ge
Sn

6

Name the first 4 elements in

Group 15

"Pnictogens"

N
P
As
Sb

7

Name the first 4 elements in

Group 16

"Chalcogens"

O
S
Se
Te

8

Name the first 4 elements in

Group 17

"Halogens"

F
Cl
Br
I

9

Name the first 4 elements in

Group 18

"Noble Gases"

He
Ne
Ar
Kr

10

Name the first 4 elements in

Group 18

"Noble Gases"

He - Sun
Ne - New
Ar - Inactive
Kr - Hard to find

11

Name the first 5 elements in

Group 14

"Carbon group" or "tetragens"

C
Si
Ge
Sn
Pb

12

Name the first 5 elements in

Group 18

"Noble Gases"

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe

13

Periodic Table Group 1

Names

H
Li
Na
K
Rb
Cs
Fr
"Alkali Metals"

14

Periodic Table Group 2

Names

Be
Mg
Ca
Sr
Ba
Ra
"Alkaline Earth Metals"

15

Periodic Table Group 13

Names (x6)

Group names (x3)

electrons

B
Al
Ga
In
Tl
113

"Boron group" (triels, icosagens)

three electrons in their outer energy levels (valence layers)

16

Periodic Table Group 14

Names (x6)

Group names (x3)

electrons

C
Si
Ge
Sn
Pb
114

"Carbon group" (tetragens, crystallogens)

The group is sometimes also referred to as tetragens because it has four electrons in its outermost shell or the valence shell. This group is also called the crystallogens.

17

Periodic Table Group 15

Names (x6)

Group name (and it’s meaning)

electrons

N
P
As
Sb
Bi
115

"Pnictogens"

The term pnictogen (or pnigogen) is derived from the Ancient Greek word πνίγειν (pnígein) meaning "to choke", referring to the choking or stifling property of nitrogen gas.

They have 5 electrons in their outermost shell, that is 2 electrons in the s subshell and 3 unpaired electrons in the p subshell. They are therefore 3 electrons short of filling their outermost electron shell in their non-ionized state.

18

Periodic Table Group 16

Names (x6)

Group name

electrons

O
S
Se
Te
Po
116

"Chalcogens"

All of the chalcogens have six valence electrons, leaving them two electrons short of a full outer shell.

Often, oxygen is treated separately from the other chalcogens, sometimes even excluded from the scope of the term "chalcogen" altogether, due to its very different chemical behavior from sulfur, selenium, tellurium, and polonium.

19

Periodic Table Group 17

Names (x6)

Group name (and it’s meaning)

electrons

F
Cl
Br
I
At
117
"Halogens"

The name "halogen" means "salt-producing". When halogens react with metals they produce a wide range of salts, including calcium fluoride, sodium chloride (common table salt), silver bromide and potassium iodide.

20

Periodic Table Group 18

Names (x6)

Group name

electrons

He
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Rn
118
"Noble Gases"

Their outer shell of valence electrons is "full".

The inertness of noble gases makes them very suitable in applications where reactions are not wanted. For example, argon is used in light bulbs to prevent the hot tungsten filament from oxidizing;

21

BLOCK SIZES

s-block

d-block

p-block

f-block

p+f block

2

10

6

14

24

22

BLOCK SIZES. Increases
0 - He

He - Ne

Ne - Ar

Ar - Kr

Kr - Xe

Xe - Rn

Rn - 118

2

8

8

18

18

32

32

23

LANTHANIDES

Numbers only

58-71

24

ACTINIDES

Numbers only

90-103

25

TRANSITION METALS

Numbers only

Period 4: 21-30

Period 5: 39-48

Period 6: 57 + 72-80

Period 7: 89 + 104-112

26

TRANSITION METALS

Period 4

Numbers only

Period 4: 21-30

Period 5: 39-48

Period 6: 57 + 72-80

Period 7: 89 + 104-112

27

TRANSITION METALS

Period 5

Numbers only

Period 4: 21-30

Period 5: 39-48

Period 6: 57 + 72-80

Period 7: 89 + 104-112

28

TRANSITION METALS

Period 6

Numbers only

Period 4: 21-30

Period 5: 39-48

Period 6: 57 + 72-80

Period 7: 89 + 104-112

29

TRANSITION METALS

Period 7

Numbers only

Period 4: 21-30

Period 5: 39-48

Period 6: 57 + 72-80

Period 7: 89 + 104-112

30

P-BLOCK

Period 2

B
C
N
O
F
Ne

31

P-BLOCK

Period 3

Al
Si
P
S
Cl
Ar

32

P-BLOCK

Period 4

Ga
Ge
As
Se
Br
Kr

33

P-BLOCK

Period 5

In
Sn
Sb
Te
I
Xe

34

P-BLOCK

Period 6

Tl
Pb
Bi
Po
At
Ra

35

P-BLOCK

Period 7

113
114
115
116
117
118