Flashcards in Peripheral Neuroanatomy Deck (18)
What roots are tested by the biceps reflex?
What roots are tested by the knee jerk?
What roots are tested by the ankle jerk?
What roots are tested by triceps?
What roots are tested by brachioradialis?
What is the most common location of a herniated cervical disc?
C6-C7 disc w/ compression of the C7 nerve root
What does an upper brachial plexus lesion look like?
waiter's tip posture
What is compressed in a lower brachial plexus injury? What are the causes?
breech birth and birth injury
What is idiopathic brachial neuritis? What nerves are involved? How does it present? How do you treat it? and what are the causes?
superior trunk: C5,6,7
presents with pain in the shoulder, axilla and weakness and atrophy of the hands and shoulder girdle
caused by vaccinations
treat with steroids, PT
What important things are innervated by the axillary nerve? What should I know about lesions?
motor: deltoid muscle
sensory: lateral upper arm
What is the function of the musculocutaneous nerve?
sensory: lateral forearm
What is innervated by the median nerve?
thumb and thenar eminence, LOAF muscles (lumbricals, opponens, abductor pollicis brevis, flexors of first three digits)
sensory of digits 1,2, 3, lateral half of 4
What is one commonly seen problem with the median nerve? Clinical manifestation?
carpal tunnel syndrome
see weakness of LOAF muscles (lumbricals, opponens, abductor pollicis brevis, flexors of the first three digits)
pain of wrist, median hand forearm sholder
symptoms worse at night
tinel sign (tapping on nerve to get pins and needles) and phalen signs
How do you treat carpal tunnel?
splints, surgery (hand out of commision 2-4 wks), steroids
What is innervated by the ulnar nerve?
hypothenar and interossei muscles; flexor carpi ulnaris
sensory to pinky and medial half of ring finger
What is tardy ulnar palsy?
compression of the ulnar nerve at the cubital tunnel at the elbow. may be caused by injury that occurred years before the current symptoms
What is Saturday night palsy?
compression of the radial nerve that occurs in the spiral groove of the forearm. Radial nerve does extensors of the upper limb