Peritoneum & Upper Abdomen Viscera Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Peritoneum & Upper Abdomen Viscera Deck (42):
1

what is the thin serous membrane lining the inner abdominal wall

parietal peritoneum

2

what is the thin serous membrane lining the organs

visceral peritoneum

3

where does vasculature in reference to the peritoneum travel through

b/w the parietal and visceral peritoneal layers

4

what is the difference b/w the peritoneal sac and peritoneal cavity

sac is the term used to describe the ALL of the parietal and visceral membranes whereas cavity is the potential space w/in the sac where organs can move

5

what is the term used when the peritoneal cavity is overfilled w/fluid (pooling of fluids)

marked ascites and umbilical herniation

6

what is the potential space directly posterior to the stomach

omental bursa

7

what is the name of the anchoring ligament b/w stomach and spleen ?

gastrosplenic ligament

8

what is the name of the anchoring ligament b/w the spleen and kidney

splenorenal ligament

9

what is the greater omentum and where does it attach to

apron of fatty tissue draping over anterior surface of small int. like an apron
-attaches to greater curvature of stomach superiorly and transverse colon inferiorly

10

where is the lesser omentum and what does it attach to ?

sup./medial to stomach
-attaches to lesser curvature of stomach and duodenum, and liver

11

what are the 2 portions of the lesser omentum that connects the stomach and duodenum to the liver

Hepatogastric ligament
Hepatoduodenal ligament

12

in what membrane can the portal triad be found and what passes through it ?

in the hepatoduodenal ligament of the lesser omentum
-hepatic a, portal v, common bile duct

13

what is the purpose of the mesentery proper

anchors most of small intestine to posterior abdominal wall

14

what is the suspensory ligament of Treitz and what does it function in

anchors the duodenum to posterior abdominal wall
-prevents sagging of dudenojejunal junction

15

what is the purpose of the mesocolon

its a mesentery that anchors parts of the colon to the posterior abdominal wall

16

what parts of the colon have NO mesentery

Ascending and Descending colon

17

what divides the liver into right and left lobes

falciform ligament

18

what is the purpose of the falciform ligament and what can be found at the inferior part of this ligament

anchors liver to anterior body wall and diaphragm
-round ligament of liver inferiorly

19

Where can coronary ligaments be found and what are their function

upper posterior bare area of the liver
-attatch liver to inferior diaphragm

20

what is the difference in peritoneal pouches in a standing/healthy patient vs. recumbent patients

potential spaces in standing patients BUT become actual spaces if constantly laying down

21

what are the 2 peritoneal pouches in a recumbent patient

hepatorenal pouch and rectovesical pouch

22

where would you find a rectovesicle pouch

b/w the rectum and bladder in men

23

where would you find a rectouterine pouch

b/w rectum and uterus in women

24

the Pouch of Morrison is also called ?

Hepatorenal pouch

25

what is the function of the liver

detoxifies chemical products and produce bile

26

function of the gall bladder

stores bile and emulsify fats

27

function of the pancreas

produce enzymes for digestion

28

function of the spleen

produce lymphocytes and filter blood

29

explain the flow of bile after it is produced in the liver

R and L hepatic ducts to
--common hepatic duct which joins with the cystic duct to
------common bile duct to duodenum

30

what does the common bile duct join with before it empties into the major duodenal papilla

main pancreatic duct

31

what drain into the major duodenal papilla and what drains into the minor duodenal papilla

main pancreatic duct into major
accesory pancreatic duct into minor (2 cm. superior)eft

32

the spleen contacts the diaprhagm at what level

ribs 9-11

33

what is the hilum of the spleen

area on visceral surface where all vasculature enters the spleen

34

what are the 3 main branches of the celiac trunk

-common hepatic a.
-Left Gastric a.
-splenic a.

35

what organs does the celiac trunk supply

esophagus, stomach, liver, spleen, pancreas, gall bladder

36

the common hepatic a. has 2 terminal branches, what are they ?

-proper hepatic
-gastroduodenal

37

what does the proper hepatic a. bifurcate into

R and L hepatic aa.

38

what does the gastroduodenal a. divide into

-Superior pancreaticoduodenal a.
-Right gastroepiploic a.

39

where would you find the right gastroepiploic a. ?

on the greater curvature of the stomach

40

what does the splenic a. supply and what does it bifurcate into

spleen and pancreas
-short splenic aa
-Left gastroepiploic

41

what aretery is known for having multiple variations

hepatic aa.

42

what does the cystic a. supply ?

gallbladder and cystic duct