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Flashcards in pharm week5/6 Deck (44)
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1

pt. with bad oral hygine should not be prescribed

calcium channel blocker - because it can cause gli

2

patient wiith copd and diabetes should not be prescribed

beta blockers

3

what antiinflamatory drug is not recomended to stop sudenly

glucocortcoids becuase problems w/ seiures

4

drug with small thereputic index and can easily become toxic

theophyline ( theolair)
copd/asthma = bronchodilator
Theach pt. dont dink caffine and dont x2 dose

5

oral glucocortcoid

prednisone

6

inhaled glucortcoid

QVAR
give albuteral before = beta aganoist

7

pt. o2 88%

head of bed
assess pulse ox

8

atrovent

anticolourgent
not an rescue inhailer
increas a intra ocular pressure

9

albuteral

beta 2 mimics the sympathetic nervous system
increas in HrR and BP

10

cough suppressent

antitussives
robutussen and codine
only the opiod will have opiod affects

11

expecterant

thins secretions
given once every 24hr

12

benidrill

not for kids

13

what is assessed when giving sympathomimetics
phenylephrine ( neo - synephrine)

monitor hr and bp and palpitations
discurage prolonged or repeted use

counterindicated by tachy htn and chronic rhinoitis

14

what is assesed when giving benadryl

anti histamine
dryes you up so encurage foods high in fiber ( dry / urine retention)
droziness and dizziness
sips of water and hard candy

15

benadryl overdose

activated charcoal laxativies ice packs and acteaminophen

16

if giving a patient (naslachrome) cromolyn a mast cell stableizer

allergic reactions
dont over use it
bitter after taste
headache b/c drys you up = increased icp

management for allergic rhinitis

17

s/s liver failure

jaundce - sclera of eyes
increased bleeding
acities
liver flap atavace

18

advoid giving antnicholoregics ( atrovent , ipratopium)

glicoma patients
allergy to peanuts and soy

19

what durgs should pt. rinse mouth after

QVAR
seo-syneprine PRINE
over use turns to rebound congestion

20

advoid caffine with bronchodilators

theophyline
albuderal -------beta 2 agnoist
atrovent

21

glucortcoids and beta agnoist increase what

tremmors
irratibility
so no caffine

22

glucortcoids for ms or resp issues

common side affects
increase BP
increased infection
epitaxis
candiaisas

23

goal of albuteral treatment or theopyline and strovent

to physically bronchodilate

24

what drugs do you need to monitor potasium

aldactone - k sparing diuretici
dijoxin - pt. decreaded k = can become toxic
diuretic will decreas k
ace ingibitor will increas k
calcium channelblocker

25

lipitor should be given when

at night

26

nitro given for angina and HTN

dont rinse mouth after
interaction w/ viagra
keep for less than 6mo
remove and clean old patch
touch= headache
can devlope tolerance

27

non pharm HTN

na
alc/smoke
stress
meditation

28

pt. started on ACE inhibitor

nonproductive cough is expected and only problumaric if it interferes with adl
metalic taste
infection
angioedema
increased k

29

ca channel blocker

routine dental care

30

whay are ca channel and beta blockers given together

ca = tachy
beta = brady

31

anticolagulants

asprin
heprin- lovanox
cumadin
prevent clots not clot busters

32

when to hold anticolags

10 dayas before sugery
ptptt inr and low platelets

33

what is a low platelet count

less than 100,000

34

drugs that decreas hr

hr les than 60= hold and contact physician

35

direct acing vaso dilators

apresoline
tachycardia is side affect
think about it vasodilation

36

what is the only take home vasopressor

proamatien

37

heprin antidote

promidine sulfate

38

mg and calcium are eachother antidote

phosphate for calcium also

39

sideaffects of anticolags

bleeding

40

why give thrombolitics

clot buster
big pe
mostly for a cva kschemic stroke

41

1l =

1kg

42

gemifibrozil gym-fibra-zil(Lopid) lowbid

loook for
gullstones
liver toxicity
myopathy

43

pt. started on calcium channel blocker

dis
st. johns wart
gensing

44

cardinoshock

goal to doputamine dejoxin increas contractatility of the heart