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Flashcards in Pharmaceutical Care Introduction (DONE) Deck (16):
1

What is the definition of pharmaceutical care?

The responsible provision of drug therapy for the purpose of achieving definite outcomes that improve a patient's quality of life

2

Why do we administer drug therapy?

To cure a disease
To prevent a disease
To halt disease progression
To reduce or eliminate symptoms
To normalise a physiological parameter

3

Why do suboptimal outcomes occur from drug therapy?

Inappropriate prescribing
Inappropriate monitoring
Patient behaviour
Patient idiosyncrasies
Inappropriate delivery

4

Why do we establish a relationship with the patient and their family?

To show competence
Accept responsibility for actions/ outcomes

5

What do we collect information on for pharmaceutical care?

Patient characteristics
Pharmacotherapy
Disease processes

6

What patient characteristics could affect drug therapy?

Age
Gender
Race
Ethnicity
Occupation
Literacy/ education
Motivation
Family (support)
Lifestyle
Culture

7

What information would you collect regarding pharmacotherapy?

Current medications
Past medications (recent, historical)
Allergies and intolerances
Patient considerations and preference e.g. device, packaging, labelling

8

What information do we collect on the disease processes for pharmaceutical care?

Present medical condition
Previous medical history
Severity
Prognosis

9

Where do we get information for pharmaceutical care from?

Patient
Carer
Medical records- PMR, hospital notes etc.
Other HCPs
Lab tests

10

How do we measure if pharmaceutical care outcomes have been achieved?

Patient factors- patient has high blood pressure which needs lowering
Time factors- how long to achieve the desired effect
Progress factors- degree of improvement we need to see

11

What is a drug related problem (DRP)?

An undesirable patient experience that involved drug therapy and that actually or potentially interferes with a desired patient outcome

12

Examples of drug related problems

Wrong drug, dose too high, dose too low, unnecessary drug therapy, ADR/ side effects, interaction, adherence problem, untreated indication

13

How do we establish outcomes for pharmaceutical care?

Set SMART targets for each DRP
Outcomes should be agreed with patient and HCPs

14

How do we review monitoring of pharmaceutical care?

Are the desirable outcomes achieved and the undesirable outcomes avoided?
What to monitor
When to monitor
How often is monitoring needed
How long does monitoring last
Who is responsible for monitoring

15

How do we create an action plan (pharmaceutical acre plan)?

Decision on outcomes and indicators
Consideration of drug related problems
Monitoring plan

16

What is a pharmaceutical care plan?

A series of planned actions or operations directed towards a particular outcome or result