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Flashcards in Pharmacology Deck (31)
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1

What are 5 methods of pain control used in dentistry?

1. Topical anesthesia
2 Local anesthesia
3. Inhalation sedation & IV sedation
4. Anti-anxiety agents
5. General anesthesia

2

What are the components of LA cartridges?

Sodium Chloride- solution isotonic for body tissues
Distilled water- Dilutes the solution/volume
Epinephrine- To stop blood

3

What are some complications and precautions of anesthesia?

Injection into blood vessels, infections, toxic reactions, temporary numbness and paresthesia

4

What are 6 methods of pain control?

topical, electronic anesthesia, inhalation sedation, anti-anxiety agents, Intravenous sedation, general anesthesia.

5

What are the lengths of time for the 3 anesthetics? (short,intermediate, and long)

Short= 1-3 hours
Intermediate= 2-4 hours
Long= 4-9 hours

6

What are 3 reasons for paresthesia?

Damage or trauma around nerve
Hemorrhage
Contaminated AS

7

What are the 4 stages of anesthesia?

Stage 1= analgesia pt is relaxed and conscious
Stage 2= excitement
Stage 3= General anesthesia
Stage 4= Cardiac failure or respiratory

8

What stage of anesthesia do the following methods of pain control produce? (Nitrous sedation, IV sedation and General anesthesia)

Nitrous sedation= Stage 1
Iv sedation= stage 1
General anesthesia= stage 3

9

What are to chemical types of LA are:

amides and esters

10

What are 5 conditions in a Pt's MH that would be for LA with epinephrine?

Unstable angina
Recent HA
Hypertension
Dybase surgery
Uncontrolled congestive hear failure

11

Loss of sensation=

Anesthesia

12

What are 4 situations where use of anti-anxiety agents could be beneficial?

Nervous, long, mentally challenged and young children w/ extensive treatment

13

Who was the first person to use nitrous oxide as a means of pain control?

Horace Wells in 1844

14

How are gas cylinders of nitrous oxide distinguished from cylinders of regular oxygen?

Oxygen= green
Nitrous Oxide= blue

15

What are 5 contraindications for the use of nitrous oxide?

Pregnancy 1st trimester
Multiple sclerosis
Nasal obstruction
Emphysema
Emotional stability

16

Example of respiratory drugs:

Ventolin

17

Example of endocrine drugs:

Estrogen

18

Examples of analgesics:

Codeine

19

Examples of gastrointestinal drugs :

Predenisone

20

Example of antiviral drugs:

Valtrex

21

Examples of Cardiovascular drugs:

Lipitor

22

Example of psychoactive drugs:

Lithium

23

Example of antibiotics:

Chlorhexidine

24

Example of neurological drugs:

Dilantin

25

Example of anti anxiety agents:

Valium

26

Examples of antifungals:

Nystatin

27

What is analgesics prescribed for;

For pain ex Advil

28

What are antibiotics prescribed for;

Bacterial infection ex penicillin

29

What are antifungal’s prescribed for;

For fungal infections ex nystatin

30

What are antivirals prescribed for;

viral infections ex valacyclovir