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Flashcards in Pharmacology Deck (32):
1

4 Uses of drugs

Diagnosis
Treatment
Cure
Prevention of dz.

2

Half-life

the time required for 1/2 of the dose to be rendered inactive or eliminated from the body

3

Titration

the raising or lowering of a dose to produce a desired effect

4

Efficacy

the effectiveness of a drug

5

Pharmacodynamics

the study of an animals response to a drug in absence of dz.

6

Pharmacotherapeutics

the study of an animals response to a drug in presence of dz.

7

Pharmacokinetics

the science concerned with drugs absorption, distribution, metabolization, and elimination

8

Posology

the study of drug dosages

9

pKa

the pH at which all drug molecules are equally distributed between ionized and non-ionized forms

10

TI

Therapeutic index: the multiple of times in which you and overdose on medicine before serious side effects appear

High TI= safer
Low TI= harmful

11

Effective dose

the dose that produced an effective response in 50% of population tested

12

Lethal dose

the dose that produced a lethal response in 50% of population tested

13

Solution

Drug particles are completely dissolved in solvent

14

Suspension

All the drug particles are not completely dissolved in solvent

15

Syrup

Sucrose and water
vehicle for drug

16

Elixer

Mixture of alcohol and water
vehicle for drug

17

Pneumoperitoneogram

injection of air into the abdominal cavity for radiographic purposes

18

Intrathecal

injection of the sub arachnoid space

19

Schedules purchased with the minimum requirements

III
IV
V

20

Minimum requirements of scheduled drugs

DEA license on file with distributor

21

Schedule that needs more than the minimum requirement

II
DEA license on file + DEA 222 form

22

What makes steroidal solutions

Succinate
Phosphate

23

What makes steroidal suspensions

Acetate
Cutylacetate
Methylacetate

24

NSAID properties

Mainly anti-inflammitory
+/- analgesia and antipyretic

25

Opioid properties

Analgesia
Mu= severe
Kappa= moderate
Sigma= low
Delta= chronic

26

Grey capped insulin syringe concentration

U500

27

Orange capped insulin syringe

U100

28

Red capped insulin syringe

U40

29

Regular insulin

NEVER maintenance
Solution
emergency use only- quick action, short duration

30

NPH/Lente Insulin

Most commonly used in dogs
suspension

31

PZI/Ultra Lente Insulin

Used in cats
slowest action

32

How to store & mix insulin

In refrigerator, up to 3-4 weeks
roll slowly between hands