Pharmacology Chapter 1 - Introduction Flashcards Preview

From Flashcardlet > Pharmacology Chapter 1 - Introduction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pharmacology Chapter 1 - Introduction Deck (21)
Loading flashcards...
1

Drug - Definition

any chemical that can affect living processes

2

Pharmacology is...

the study of drugs and their interactions with living systems.

3

Clinical Pharmacology is...

the study of drugs in HUMANS.

4

Therapeutics

the use of drugs to diagnose, prevent, and treat illness (and/or) pregnancy - the MEDICAL use of drugs.

5

Respiration -

energy formation

6

Metabolism

anabolism and catabolism.

7

Reproduction

DNA replication and cell division

8

Eukaryotic cells

unicellular organism having a true nucleus and nuclear membrane. These contain ribosomes (80s), nucleus, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and Golgi-bodies.

9

Prokaryotic Cells -

unicellular organism lacking a true nucleus and nuclear membrane, have a single loop of double-stranded DNA.
They also contain robosomes (70S) NO but does not contain the following organelles - mitochondria, nucleus, ER, GB

10

Viruses -

Contain nucleic acid (NA), (DNA or RNA - but not both) capsid, and no other organelles.

11

Disease occurs when..

enough cells become dysfunctional or when enough cells die and organ loses function.

12

Diseases can be do too...

autoimmune, viruses, etc.

13

Properties of an ideal drug

Effectiveness, safety, selectivity.

14

Effectiveness

A drug that elicits the response it is suppose to.

15

Pharmakon - means...

means poison in Greek.

16

Selectivity -

one that elicits only the response for which it is given.

17

What is the therapeutic objective?

To provide the maximum benefit with minimum harm.

18

Pharmacokinetic Processes

movement of drugs.

19

Parts of pharmacokinetic processes - MADME

Movement (that's pharmacokinetic processes.)
Drug...
Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, and excretion.

20

Pharmacodynamics -

determines the type of response and intensity.

21

Sources of Individual variation

Age, sex, gender, etc.