Flashcards in Pharmacology Chapter 19 & 20 Deck (31):
It can be experienced or perceived only by the individual subject.
...are ENDOGENOUS ANALGESICS produced within the body as a reaction to severe pain or intense exercise. i.e. runner's high
Relief from pain as the result of suggestion w/o the administration of analgesic.
...are given to relieve pain. They can be classified as opioids, non-opioids, and adjuvant.
...are given to calm, sooth, or produce sedation.
...are given to produce sleep.
Produced or originating within a cell or organism.
...are controlled substances in the US and include both the natural opium alkaloids, like morphine and codeine, and the synthetics, such as meperidine (Demerol) and propoxyphene (Darvon).
A larger dose of opioid is needed to achieve the same level of analgesia
A physical adaptation of the body to the opioid and withdrawal after abrupt drug discontinuation.
Non-opioid analgesic drugs that are combined with opioids for more effective analgesic action in relief of acute or chronic pain.
Medication to reduce fever.
Ringing or roaring in the ears.
A drug added to a prescription to hasten or enhance the action of a principle ingredient.
Opposite effect from that expected.
Refers to any substance that acts on the mind.
SNRI - Selective Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor -
Antidepressants that block the reabsorption of serotonin, thus helping to restore the brain's chemical balance.
Medication used to treat patients w/various types of depression - mood elevators.
Substances that travel across the synaptic gap of 2 nerve cells, carrying a message from one to the other.
SSRI -Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
Antidepressants that blocks the reabsorption of of serotonin, thus helping to restore the brain's chemistry.
Antidepressants that elevate the mood, have a mild sedative effect and increase appetite.
Second generation cyclic antidepressant with very different adverse affect profiles.
Manic-Depressive mental disorder in which mood fluctuates from one extreme to the other.
Anti anxiety medications are sometimes referred to as anxiolytics or minor tranquilizers
Defective muscular coordination, especially w/voluntary muscular movements, i.e. walking
Major tranquilizers used to relieve symptoms of psychosis or severe neuroses.
Extrapyramidal Side Effects -EPS
Disorder of the brain characterized by tremors, parkinsonlike symptoms etc.
Tardive Dyskinesia - TD
Slow, rhythmical, stereotypical, involuntary movements such as tics.
A newer class of anti psychotics with less potential for adverse effects such as TD, and EPS.
Physical and/or psychological dependence on a substance, alcohol or drugs, with use of increasing amounts (tolerance)
And withdrawal reactions