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What is phonetics?

Phonetics is the study of actual sounds of
human languages, their production and their perception.


What is phonology?

Phonology on the other hand is the study of sound systems.


The difference between phonetics and phonology

There are countless different sounds we can make,
but only some count as sounds of a language, say English. Moreover, as far as
English is concerned, many perceptibly distinct sounds are not considered ‘different’. The letter /p/, for example, can be pronounced in many different ways, with
more emphasis, with more loudness, with different voice onset time, and so on.
From a phonetic point of view, these are all different sounds; from a phonological
point of view there is only one (English) sound, or phoneme: [p].