Phrases Clauses and Sentences Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Phrases Clauses and Sentences Deck (12):
1

phrase

A group of words that is missing either a subject or a predicate

2

Clause

A group of words that contains both a subject and a predicate

3

Independant/Main Clause

a group of words that stands alone - a complete thought

4

dependent/subordinate clause

a group of words that contains a subject and a predicate but makes the reader ask "Then What?" it usually begins with a subordinating conjunction

5

Conjunctions

a part of speech that joins words, phrases and clauses

6

Coordinating congunctions

show equality between two independent clauses (an, but, or, for, nor, yet, so).

7

Subordinating conjunctions

subordinate or make a clause dependent (since, because unless). If a subordinatingconjunction starts a sentence, a comma follows the dependent clause. There is no comma if the subordinate clause ends a sentence.

8

Simple sentence

IC (Ex: she is nice).

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Compound sentence

IC+IC (EX: She is nice, and she eats lunch with me)

10

Complex sentence

DC+IC (Ex: Since she is so nice, John decided to date her)

11

Compound-complex sentence

IC+IC+DC (Ex: Gina knew she would have to wait, but she didn't mind.

12

adverbial conjunctions

also known as conjunctive adverbs, sometimes used with a semi-colon; may start, interrupt, or join thoughts (however, moreover, nevertheless, therefore)