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Flashcards in phys6final11 Deck (19):
1

Glycogenesis (glycogen synthesis)

Glucose storage. Glucose molecules form together to form glycogen.

2

Glycogenolysis

Glucose released. Splitting of glycogen subunits.

3

Gluconeogenesis:

Process of formation of glucose form proteins and fats.

4

Glycogen:

Stored glucose in the liver & skeletal muscles (polysaccharide)

5

Glycolysis (Glucose catabolism):

Glucose molecule is oxidized and two molecules of pyruvic acid are produced. Happens in CYTOPLASM Anaerobic

6

Glucose:

Monosaccharide (simple sugar)

7

Glucose anabolism:

Formed by aerobic reactions - Making ATP

8

Krebs Cycle:

Produces energy & carbon dioxide. Releases electron energy & heat. Aerobic cellular Respiration

9

Electron Transport Chain:

Aerobic Cellular Respiration. Produce ATP. Krebs & ETC - MITOCHONDRIA

10

WALL OF DIEGESTIVE TRACT
(tunics from lumen to outer layer)

Subject Heading

11

1. Mucosa or mucous membrane:

Epithelial membrane lining of lumen.
Secretion, Absorption, Protection

12

2. Submucosa:

Dense CT. contains many blood & lympth vessels and nerves. Elastic qualitiy

13

3. Muscularis:

Segmentation (duodenum chop/chop) & peristalsis (esophagus to stomach wave-like). Has 2 layers of smooth muscle: Inner circular (forms sphincter muscle) and outer longitudinal layer.

14

4. Serosa:

Protective outermost layer. Inside abdomen it has visceral & parietal peritoneum.

15

SACCHARIDES:

Subject Heading

16

Monosaccharide:

One simple sugar: glucose, fructose, galactose

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Disaccharide:

Two monosaccharides: sucrose (glucose & fructose table sugar) & Lactose (glucose & galactose)

18

Polysaccharide:

Combination of more than 2 monosaccharides. Glucogen

19

Lactic Acid vs Pyruvic Acid:

both used in glycolysis Lactic = NO oxygen
Pryuj