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Flashcards in phys6final5 Deck (15):
1

What is the end-product inhibition?

Pathway inhibited by is slowest reaction

2

Place in order of small to big:

nucleotide, codon, exon, gent

3

How does the transcription start?

When the RNA polymerase recognizes the promoter codes

4

After the transcription is the newly synthetized mRNA (nascent molecule) ready to leave the nucleus?

Not before it has been edited and the introns removed.

5

When in the cytoplasm the mRNA binds with what?

Ribosome

6

What is the sliding process?

When the tRNA slides along mRNA/ribosome combination

7

What type of acid is produced with anaerobic and aerobic respiration?

Lactic acid with anaerobic respiration and pyruvic acid with aerobic.

8

What is the process that permits to convert fatty acids to acetyl COA molecule?

Beta (B) oxidation (takes place in the mitochondria)

9

How much energy does a gram of fat produce in comparison to a gram of carbs?

Fat 2.5 to 3 ATP vs 1 ATP for carbs

10

What are the two forms of deamination?
Which type becomes a keto?

Oxidative and transamination
Oxidative deamination

11

In terms of thermogulation, what type of organism maintains body temperature at a constant level independent of the temperature in the environment?

Warm-blooded organism

12

What type of mechanism is used when two molecules exchange heat by the transfer of thermal energy - direct contact?

Conduction

13

What type of mechanism is it when there is heat transfer in the form of electromagnetic waves?

Radiation

14

Where is located the thermoregulatory center?

Hypothalamus

15

What is the substance the induces fever?

A pyrogen