Flashcards in Physical Activity Deck (18):
Define physical activity.
Any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that results in energy expenditure
Energy expenditure can be expressed as a product of 'FITT'. What does 'FITT' stand for
Physical activity that is planned and structured and often improves an area of physical fitness
What is the main risk factor of Type 2 diabetes?
Obesity (partially caused by lack of physical activity)
For the following, list the percentage risk reduction associated with physical activity:
All cause mortality
Loss of function
All cause mortality: 30%
CVD, stroke: 20-35%
Hip fractures: 36-68%
Colon cancer: 30%
Breast cancer: 20%
Loss of function: 30%
List some conditions that physical activity helps to prevent or manage.
CV: stroke, MI, PVD, CHD, heart failure
RS: asthma, COPD, cystic fibrosis
MS: rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, hip fractures, low back pain, fibromyalgia
Psychiatric & neurological: anxiety, depression, dementia, stress, schizophrenia, Parkinson's
Cancer: breast & colon
Beneficial effects on other risk factors obesity, BP, cholesterol
What are the minimum physical activity guidelines deemed necessary for significant health benefits (for those aged 19-64)?
30 mins, moderate intensity aerobic, 5 days per week
20 mins, vigorous intensity aerobic, 3 days per week
A combination and accumulation of both
How do you (roughly) calculate maximum heart rate?
220 - age
What are the guidelines associated with physical activity for older individuals (i.e. over 64 years old)?
Balancing & coordination
---> decreased chance of falls and maintenance of independence
What are the guidelines associated with physical activity for children (i.e. 5-18 years old)?
1 hour of physical activity per day (moderate - vigorous intensity)
What are the guidelines associated with physical activity for younger children (i.e. under 5 years old when walking)?
3 hours of physical activity per day
Name a global initiative set up to establish physical activity as a standard in healthcare.
EIM (Exercise is Medicine)
What is EIM's ultimate goal?
Transformational change - to institutionalise physical activity assessment & prescription into Global Healthcare Systems
What is the EIM solution (3 parameters)?
Active health technology
What are the steps of the clinician module as part of the Healthcare Systems element of the EIM solution?
1. Physical activity assessment
2. Physical activity prescription
3. Referral to physical activity network
How are community resources utilised in the EIM solution?
Establishing a physical activity referral network:
How is active health technology used in the EIM solution?