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Flashcards in Physical Development in Infancy Deck (22)
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1

cephalocaudal pattern

sequence in which growth proceeds from top to bottom

2

proximodistal pattern

sequence in which growth starts at the center of the body and moves toward extremities

3

dendritic spreading

during first year of life, increases connections between neurons

4

myelination

speeds conduction of nerve impulses

5

laterilazition

specialization of function in one hemisphere of the brain

6

neuroconstructivist view

biological processes and environmental conditions influence brain's development, brain has plasticity & is context dependent, cognitive development is closely linked to development of brain

7

dynamic systems view

Perception and action are coupled. Motor skills are the result of many converging factors (development of nervous system, ability of body to move, goal motivating movement & environmental support for movement)

8

automatic reflexes

rooting, sucking, grasping, Moro reflex. Disappear after 3-4 months

9

permanent reflexes

coughing, blinking, sneezing. Persist throughout life

10

gross motor skills

large muscle activities - posture and walking

11

fine motor skills

finely tuned movements - reaching and grasping

12

sensation

occurs when information interacts with sensory receptors

13

perception

the interpretation of sensation

14

ecological view

Developed by Gibsons. States we directly perceive information that exists in the world around us. Perception brings people in contact with the environment to interact with and adapt to it.

15

affordances

According to ecological view, they provide opportunities for interaction offered by objects that fit within our capabilities to perform activities.

16

visual preference method

preference infants have for looking at patterned over non-patterned displays (Fantz)

17

habitutation

response to stimulus decreases after prolonged interaction with it

18

dishabituation

responding to a stimulus as if it were new or novel again

19

intermodal perception

ability to related and integrate information from two or more sensory modalities

20

nature advocated

nativists (Gibsons' ecological view)

21

nurture advocates

empiricists (Piaget's constructivist view)

22

perceptual-motor coupling

perception and action are not isolated but coupled. Individuals perceive in order to move and move in order to perceive.