Physical Development of Infants and Toddlers Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Physical Development of Infants and Toddlers Deck (19):
1

In one year a babies length grows _ inches and they weight is _ times as heavy

12 inches in length
4X as heavy

2

Babies living in poverty tend to be _

Smaller

3

From 18 months to 3 years babies begin to:

Become physically stronger and move and interact in an upright position

4

Motor skills develop in a relatively _ order

Predictable

5

Kids are considered toddlers at what age?

18-36 months

6

Most children learn bladder and bowel control at age:

3

7

T/F Self-care skill development varies culture to culture. Particular cultural practices can affect how quickly toddlers gain self-help skills

T

8

T/F By one years old infants can see as well as adults

T

9

By 26 weeks, heart rate and movement increases at changes in _ and _

Pitch and loudness

10

Taste, smell and touch develop before or after birth?

Before

11

T/F Infants can distinguish 5 tastes (sour, bitter, salty, sweet, and neutral)

T

12

T/F infants cannot distinguish between pleasant and unpleasant smells

F

13

What is a major way that babies learn?

Through touch

14

What is the most powerful influence on brain development?

Caregiver attachment

15

Under stress, _ attached babies produce less cortisol than _ attached babies

Securely attached, insecurely attached

16

Appropriate stimulation in the first 3 years can offset certain:

Prenatal impairments in brain development

17

80% of infants learning involves _

Vision

18

Hearing deficits delay speech acquisition and development of later _ abilities

Motor

19

What are 3 activities that help facilitate motor development?

Tummy time
Having a toy mobile
Toys that appeal to multiple senses