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Flashcards in Physical Exam Deck (21):
1

Anasarca

generalized body edema

2

cachetic

physical wasting

3

lethargic

drowsy but patient will open eyes to look at interviewer, respond to questions, then fall asleep

4

malaise

generalized body weakness, distress, or discomfort

5

obtunded

mentally dulled, patient will open eyes and look at you, but response is slow

6

cushingoid

resembling the signs and symptoms of Cushing's disease

7

obese

excessively overweight

8

toxic appearing

overwhelming infection of the body (sepsis)

9

fowlers

an inclined position obtained by raising head of the bed about 60 to 90 cm

10

prone

lying face down

11

supine

lying on the back

12

trendelenburg

a position in which the patient is placed head down on a table inclined at about 45 degrees from the floor with the knees uppermost and the legs hanging over the end of the table

13

iris

muscle/colored portion of eye

14

sclera

white of the eye

15

cornea

transparent part of the coat of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil

16

retina

innermost, light sensitive layer of the eye, containing rods, neurons, cones, and blood vessels

17

ptosis

drooping of eyelid

18

visual acuities (VA)

a measure of the resolving power of the eyes, particularly their ability to distinguish letters and numbers at a distance (e.g. L eye 20/20; R eye 20/40)

19

corneal uptake

abrasions or injury usually determined by staining and examining the eye to note increase uptake of the dye (slit lamp); fluorescein test (solution or strips)

20

corneal reflex

the closing of the eyelid when the cornea is slightly touched

21

PERRL

pupils equal, round, and reactive to light -- normal finding

*fixed and dilated = abnormal finding commonly associated with head injury, CVA, cardiac arrest, drug use

*constricted (gunpoint) = commonly associated with opiate overdose - abnormal