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HCHS GCSE Geography > Physical Geography Ecosystems > Flashcards

Flashcards in Physical Geography Ecosystems Deck (23)
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1

On average, how many people visit the UK’s coastline each year? 

250 million

2

How many turbines are installed at London Array?

175

3

How many acres of moorland are there in the UK?

350,000 ha

4

How many acres of heath are there in the UK?

95,000 ha

5

How high is the main canopy in a tropical rainforest?

30m to 40m

6

What % of animals live in the main canopy in a tropical rainforest?

80%

7

What adaptation does a Uroplatus gecko have?

Camouflage 

8

What % of sunlight reaches shrub layer in a tropical rainforest?

2%

9

How much carbon dioxide does the TFR absorb in a year?

2 billion tonnes

10

On average, how much TRF is deforested each year worldwide? 

7.3 million ha 

11

What are they mining for in Brazil?

Iron Ore

12

What % of land area in Madagascar was forested in 2016?

20%

13

Tavy is responsible for what % of deforestation in Madagascar? 

80%

14

What was the population of Madagascar in 2010?

20.7 million

15

What is the name of the association set up in Madagascar with the responsibility of managing the rainforest?

Association Mitsinjo 

16

How much timber was produced in 2014 from UK temperature woodlands?

13 million tonnes

17

How much carbon dioxide do the UK’s temperate woodlands absorb each year?

1 million tonnes

18

What % of temperature woodland was cleared in the UK during the 20th century?

38%

19

Which tree species grows quicker out of deciduous and coniferous?

Coniferous

20

On average, how many tourists visit the New Forest each year? 

15 million 

21

How much timber does the New Forest produce each year?

50,000 tonnes

22

Work in the forest is minimised between which months to avoid disruption to wildlife?

April - Autumn

23

What % of the New Forest is privately owned?

50%