Physician's Specialty Fields of Medical Practice Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Physician's Specialty Fields of Medical Practice Deck (41):
1

Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of allergic diseases, including asthma, and diagnosis, management, and therapy of immunologic diseases.

Allergist/Immunologist
(Allergy and Immunology)

2

Comprehensive medical management and anesthetic care before, during, and after surgery and long-term pain management and critical care related to cardiac and respiratory emergencies.

Anesthesiologist
(Anesthesiology)

3

Diagnosis, medical care, and surgical treatment of conditions related to small intestine, colon, and rectum.

Colon and Rectal Surgeon
(Colon and Rectal Surgery)

4

Medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the skin and it's appendages.

Dermatologist
(Dermatology)

5

Prehospital emergency medical care of acutely ill or injured patients.

Emergency Physician
(Emergency Medicine)

6

Comprehensive general medical care of individuals of all ages and their families with emphasis on disease prevention and health promotion.

Family Physician
(Family Practice)

7

Nonsurgical care centered around prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in adults.

Internist
(Internal Medicine)

8

Diagnosis and management of conditions related to the heart and blood vessels.

Cardiologist
(Cardiology)

9

Diagnosis and management of diseases of the endocrine glands; e.g.: diabetes, obesity, and thyroid dysfunction.

Endocrinologist
(Endocrinology)

10

Diagnosis and management of conditions related to the digestive system.

Gastroenterologist
(Gastroenterology)

11

Diagnosis and medical management of conditions affecting the elderly; also a subspecialty of family practice.

Geriatrician
(Geriatric Medicine)

12

Diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders.

Hematologist
(Hematology)

13

Diagnosis and treatment of kidney disorders.

Nephrologist
(Nephrology)

14

Treatment of tumors and cancer.

Oncologist
(Oncology)

15

Treatment of arthritis and related disorders.

Rheumatologist
(Rheumatology)

16

Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of genetic disorders; includes research, laboratory testing, and counseling.

Geneticist
(Medical Genetics)

17

Nonsurgical treatment of diseases of the nervous system.

Neurologist
(Neurology)

18

Surgical and nonsurgical treatment of diseases related to the nervous system and supportive structures, including blood vessels.

Neurosurgeon
(Neurological Surgery)

19

Use of radioactive substances to diagnose and treat disease; a dual specialty in other fields such as radiology, internal medicine, neurology, and cardiology.

Nuclear Medicine Physician
(Nuclear Medicine)

20

Care and treatment of mother and fetus throughout pregnancy, childbirth, and immediate postpartum period.

Obstetrician (OB/GYN)
(Obstetrics and Gynecology)

21

Medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the female reproductive and urinary system.

Gynecologist
(Gynecology)

22

Medical and surgical treatment of the eye, including vision and care services.

Ophthalmologist
(Opthalmology)

23

Medical, surgical, and rehabilitative treatments of disorders of the musculoskeletal system, including bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves.

Orthopedic Surgeon, Orthopedist
(Orthopedic Surgery)

24

Medical and surgical treatment of diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat, and adjoining structures of the head and neck.

Otolaryngologist, ENT Physician
(Otolaryngology)

25

Study of disease emphasizing examination of tissue for diagnosis; e.g. biopsy.

Pathologist
(Pathology)

26

Comprehensive medical care of infants, children, and adolescents, with emphasis on disease prevention and healthful physical and mental development.

Pediatrician
(Pediatrics)

27

Treatments of patients suffering from neuromusculoskeletal disorders caused by illness or injury.

Physiatrist
(Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Physiatry)

28

Surgery for restoration, repair, or reconstruction of body structure.

Plastic Surgeon
(Plastic Surgery)

29

Medical care that focuses on prevention of disease and health maintenance; specialty areas include: aerospace medicine, occupational medicine, public health, and general preventive medicine.

Preventive Medicine

30

Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders.

Psychiatrist
(Psychiatry)

31

Use of ionizing and non ionizing imaging modalities and imaging guidance.

Radiologist
(Radiology)

32

Treatment of diseases and traumas requiring an operation; sub-specialty areas include vascular, pediatric, hand, and critical care.

General Surgeon
(Surgery)

33

Treatment of disease, deformities, and trauma requiring an operation within the chest, including the heart and lungs

Thoracic Surgeon
(Thoracis Surgery)

34

Surgical and non surgical treatment of the male urinary and reproductive system and the female reproductive system.

Urologist
(Urology)

35

D.C

-Doctor of Chiropractic Medicine
-Treatment centered on manipulation of the spine to maintain balance in the body.

36

D.D.S

-Doctor of Dental Surgery
-Treatment of dental disorders requiring surgery.

37

D.P.M

-Doctor of Pediatric Medicine
-diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the foot

38

O.D.

Doctor of Optometry
-Diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of the eye; vision care services.

39

M.D.

Medical Doctor

40

D.O

Doctor of Osteopathy
-Focuses on the role of the musculoskeletal system to maintain function and balance in the body.

41

Ph. D.

-Doctor of Psychology, aka Clinical Psychologist.
-Counsel patients with mental or emotional disorders.