Flashcards in physiological pathology ch16 ch17 ch18 (exam 5/final) Deck (66):
a small elevation of the skin containing pus.
inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney.
prefix meaning pus.
reappearance of symptoms after a period of remission (abatement).
returned, noting symptoms or lesions reappearing after an intermission or remission.
the replacement of damaged cells with identical cells
temporary cessation of symptoms of disease
physical or mechanical restoration of damaged or diseased tissue by the growth of healthy new cells, not necessarily the same type, or by surgery
the termination of the inflammatory response with the affected part returning to its normal state.
suffix meaning bursting forth
suffix meaning flow.
inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane
a disease of infants and young children caused by deficiency of vitamin D resulting in defective bone growth.
a genus of gram-negative, pathogenic, intracellular parasitic bacteria
area of science that studies rickettsia
inflammation of the fallopian tube, or of the eustachian tube
suffix meaning hardening
infection caused by a different organism than the one causing the primary infection.
condition characterized by the multiplication of bacteria in blood
objective disturbances produced by disease, observed by physician, nurse or person attending patient (example: pulse, fever, heart rate).
inflammation of the sinus cavities
deals with the specific features of disease in relation to particular organs or organ systems.
congenital defect in which part of the vertebral column is absent or incomplete closure.
spirillum (pl spirilla)
a genus of spiral bacteria having a corkscrew shape with a rigid cell wall and hair-like projections called flagella that assist in movement.
a genus of bacteria having a flexible cell wall but no flagella in the traditional sense. Movement in these organisms occurs by contractions (undulating) of long filaments (endoflagella) that run the length of the cell.
disease that occurs occasionally in a random or isolated manner
a genus of gram-positive, nonmotile, opportunistic bacteria which tend to aggregate in irregular, grape-like clusters
suffix meaning standing still
abnormal constriction of a channel or orifice
process of completely removing or destroying all life forms or their products on or in a substance.
a genus of bacteria containing gram-negative rods, which form a chain-like colony.
gram-positive cocci that occur in chains.
strict (obligate) aerobe
a microbe that can only live in the presence of oxygen
strict (obligate) anaerobe
a microbe that can only survive in an area without oxygen present.
strict (obligate) parasite
parasite that is completely dependent on its living host for survival
strict (obligate) saprophyte
an organism that can only survive on dead or decaying organic matter.
the formation of pus
study of tissue specimens excised surgically in a major or minor operation
the living together in close association of different species
subjective disturbances caused by disease that are felt or experienced by patient but not directly measurable (example: pain, headache).
prefix meaning together with
set of signs and symptoms associated with a particular disease (example: Down’s syndrome).
the harmonious action of two microorganisms producing an effect that neither could produce alone.
grouping of four spherical shaped cells
bacteria that thrive best at high temperatures, between 40 degrees C and 70 degrees C.
the formation or presence of an attached blood clot
blood distribution throughout the body of poisonous products of bacteria growing in a focal or local site, thus producing generalized symptoms.
poisonous substance of plant, animal, bacterial, or fungal origin
suffix meaning nourish
real or genuine disease producing organism
implantation and development of the fertilized ovum in a uterine tube
an open sore or lesion of skin or mucous membrane accompanied by sloughing of inflamed necrotic tissue.
suffix meaning relating to urine
a toxic condition caused by retention in the blood of waste products normally excreted in the urine.
relating to one or both ureters
inflammation of the urethra
failure of a heart valve to close tightly, thus allowing regurgitation of blood.
blister-like elevation of skin containing serous fluid
(L. to move rapidly, vibrate) a genus of spiral bacteria which are curved or bent rods that resemble commas.
an agent destructive to viruses
relative power and degree of pathogenicity possessed by organisms to produce disease.
an intracellular, infectious parasite, capable of living and reproducing only in living cells
see moist gangrene
prefix meaning yellow