physiological pathology ch16 ch17 ch18 (exam 5/final) Flashcards Preview

Physiological pathology > physiological pathology ch16 ch17 ch18 (exam 5/final) > Flashcards

Flashcards in physiological pathology ch16 ch17 ch18 (exam 5/final) Deck (66):
1

pustule

a small elevation of the skin containing pus.

2

pyelitis

inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney.

3

pyo

prefix meaning pus.

4

recurrent

reappearance of symptoms after a period of remission (abatement).

5

recurrent disease

returned, noting symptoms or lesions reappearing after an intermission or remission.

6

regeneration

the replacement of damaged cells with identical cells

7

remission

temporary cessation of symptoms of disease

8

renal calculi

kidney stones

9

repair

physical or mechanical restoration of damaged or diseased tissue by the growth of healthy new cells, not necessarily the same type, or by surgery

10

resolution

the termination of the inflammatory response with the affected part returning to its normal state.

11

rhagia

suffix meaning bursting forth

12

rhea

suffix meaning flow.

13

rhinitis

inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane

14

rickets

a disease of infants and young children caused by deficiency of vitamin D resulting in defective bone growth.

15

rickettsia

a genus of gram-negative, pathogenic, intracellular parasitic bacteria

16

rickettsiology

area of science that studies rickettsia

17

salpingitis

inflammation of the fallopian tube, or of the eustachian tube

18

sclerosis

suffix meaning hardening

19

secondary infection

infection caused by a different organism than the one causing the primary infection.

20

septicemia

condition characterized by the multiplication of bacteria in blood

21

signs

objective disturbances produced by disease, observed by physician, nurse or person attending patient (example: pulse, fever, heart rate).

22

sinusitis

inflammation of the sinus cavities

23

special pathology

deals with the specific features of disease in relation to particular organs or organ systems.

24

spina bifida

congenital defect in which part of the vertebral column is absent or incomplete closure.

25

spirillum (pl spirilla)

a genus of spiral bacteria having a corkscrew shape with a rigid cell wall and hair-like projections called flagella that assist in movement.

26

spirochete

a genus of bacteria having a flexible cell wall but no flagella in the traditional sense. Movement in these organisms occurs by contractions (undulating) of long filaments (endoflagella) that run the length of the cell.

27

sporadic

disease that occurs occasionally in a random or isolated manner

28

staphylococcus

a genus of gram-positive, nonmotile, opportunistic bacteria which tend to aggregate in irregular, grape-like clusters

29

stasis

suffix meaning standing still

30

stenosis

abnormal constriction of a channel or orifice

31

sterilization

process of completely removing or destroying all life forms or their products on or in a substance.

32

streptobacilli

a genus of bacteria containing gram-negative rods, which form a chain-like colony.

33

streptococci

gram-positive cocci that occur in chains.

34

strict (obligate) aerobe

a microbe that can only live in the presence of oxygen

35

strict (obligate) anaerobe

a microbe that can only survive in an area without oxygen present.

36

strict (obligate) parasite

parasite that is completely dependent on its living host for survival

37

strict (obligate) saprophyte

an organism that can only survive on dead or decaying organic matter.

38

suppuration

the formation of pus

39

surgical pathology

study of tissue specimens excised surgically in a major or minor operation

40

symbiosis

the living together in close association of different species

41

symptoms

subjective disturbances caused by disease that are felt or experienced by patient but not directly measurable (example: pain, headache).

42

syn

prefix meaning together with

43

syndrome

set of signs and symptoms associated with a particular disease (example: Down’s syndrome).

44

synergism

the harmonious action of two microorganisms producing an effect that neither could produce alone.

45

tetracocci

grouping of four spherical shaped cells

46

thermophile

bacteria that thrive best at high temperatures, between 40 degrees C and 70 degrees C.

47

thrombosis

the formation or presence of an attached blood clot

48

toxemia

blood distribution throughout the body of poisonous products of bacteria growing in a focal or local site, thus producing generalized symptoms.

49

toxin

poisonous substance of plant, animal, bacterial, or fungal origin

50

trophy

suffix meaning nourish

51

true pathogen

real or genuine disease producing organism

52

tubal pregnancy

implantation and development of the fertilized ovum in a uterine tube

53

ulcer

an open sore or lesion of skin or mucous membrane accompanied by sloughing of inflamed necrotic tissue.

54

uria

suffix meaning relating to urine

55

uremia

a toxic condition caused by retention in the blood of waste products normally excreted in the urine.

56

ureteritis

relating to one or both ureters

57

urethritis

inflammation of the urethra

58

valvular insufficiency

failure of a heart valve to close tightly, thus allowing regurgitation of blood.

59

vesicle

blister-like elevation of skin containing serous fluid

60

vibrio

(L. to move rapidly, vibrate) a genus of spiral bacteria which are curved or bent rods that resemble commas.

61

viricide

an agent destructive to viruses

62

virulence

relative power and degree of pathogenicity possessed by organisms to produce disease.

63

virus

an intracellular, infectious parasite, capable of living and reproducing only in living cells

64

wet gangrene

see moist gangrene

65

xantho

prefix meaning yellow

66

vaginitis

inflammation of the vagina, colpitis