physiological pathology ch19 ch10 ch11 (exam 3) Flashcards Preview

Physiological pathology > physiological pathology ch19 ch10 ch11 (exam 3) > Flashcards

Flashcards in physiological pathology ch19 ch10 ch11 (exam 3) Deck (72):
1

hyster

prefix meaning uterus.

2

iasis

suffix meaning a process.

3

iatrogenic

results from the adverse activity of medical personnel.

4

idiopathic

of unknown cause. (example: Essential Hypertension)

5

inclusions

any foreign or heterogeneous substance contained in a cell or in any tissue or organ that was not introduced as a result of trauma.

6

indigenous flora

plant life occurring or adapted for living in a specific environment.

7

infarction

the formation of an area of necrosis in a tissue caused by obstruction in the artery supplying the area.

8

infection

the state or condition in which the body or a part of it is invaded by a pathogenic agent that, under favorable conditions, multiplies and produces injurious effects.

9

infestation

the harboring of animal parasites, especially macroscopic forms, such as ticks or mosquitoes.

10

infiltration

the process of seepage or diffusion into tissue of substances that are not ordinarily present.

11

inflammation

a tissue reaction to irritation, infection, or injury marked by localized heat, swelling, redness, pain and sometimes loss of function.

12

infra

- prefix meaning below.

13

insecticide

a substance that kills insects.

14

inter

prefix meaning between.

15

intra

prefix meaning within.

16

intoxication

- state of being intoxicated, especially of being poisoned by a drug or toxic substance.

17

intracranial hemorrhage

extravasation of blood within the skull.

18

iodophores

a compound consisting of iodine combined with a carrier, such as polyvinylpyrrolidone, often used as a reoperative skin disinfectant.

19

ischemia

reduction in arterial blood supply.

20

ischemic necrosis

see dry gangrene.

21

itis

suffix meaning inflammation of.

22

jaundice

conditions characterized by excessive concentration of bilirubin in the skin and tissues and deposition of excessive bile pigment in the skin, cornea, body fluids, and mucous membranes with the resulting yellow appearance of the patient.

23

laceration

a tear or torn wound.

24

larvacide

substance that kills insect larva.

25

lesion

Specific pathological structural or functional changes or both brought about by disease or injury.

26

leukemia

disease characterized by the appearance of great numbers of immature and abnormal white blood cells.

27

leuko

prefix meaning white.

28

leucocytosis

increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood.

29

leucopenia

abnormal reduction in the number of white blood cells in the blood.

30

lipoma

a tumor composed of fatty tissue.

31

lith

suffix meaning stone.

32

liver

the major organ for detoxification and production of bile.

33

local infection

infection caused by germs lodging and multiplying at one point in a tissue and remaining there.

34

lymphoma

malignancy of lymphoid tissue.

35

lysis

suffix meaning to dissolve.

36

macro

prefix meaning large.

37

mal

prefix meaning bad.

38

malacia

suffix meaning softening.

39

malformation (anamaly)

defect or deformity.

40

mast

prefix meaning breast.

41

metastasis

the spread of tumor cells from one part of the body to another by blood or lymph.

42

maximum temperature

temperature above which bacterial growth will not take place, 120 degrees F.

43

mechanical vector

a living organism or an object that is capable of transmitting infections by carrying the disease agent on its external body parts or surface.

44

medicolegal (forensic) pathology

study of disease to ascertain cause and manner of death.

45

mega

prefix meaning great.

46

megaly

suffix meaning large.

47

melan

prefix meaning thick.

48

melanoma

a malignant pigmented mole.

49

melena

blood in stool.

50

men

prefix meaning month.

51

meningitis

inflammation of the membranes of the brain or spinal cord.

52

mesophile

bacteria that prefer moderate temperatures and develop best at temperatures between 25 degrees C and 40 degrees C.

53

metaplasia

replacement of one type of tissue into a form that is not normally found there.

54

metastasize

transfer of a disease from its primary site to a distant location.

55

micro

prefix meaning small.

56

microaerophilic

a microorganism that requires very little free oxygen.

57

microbiology

scientific study of microorganisms and their effect on other living organisms.

58

microscopic pathology

study of microscopic changes that cells, tissues and organs undergo as a result of disease.

59

minimum temperature

temperature below which bacterial growth will not take place, 32 degrees F.

60

mixed infection

infection caused by two or more organisms.

61

moist (wet) gangrene

necrotic tissue that is wet as a result of inadequate venous drainage; may be accompanied by the invasion of saprophytic bacteria.

62

morbidity rate

relative incidence of a disease in the population or number of cases in a given time at a given population.

63

mortality rate

number of deaths in a given time or place or proportion of deaths to a population.

64

multiple sclerosis

a chronic disease of the nervous system characterized by remissions and relapses and by the presence of patches of demyelination associated with sclerosis or hardening, scattered diffusely throughout the gray and white matter of the brain stem and spinal cord.

65

mutualism

relationship in which organisms of two different species live in close association to the mutual benefit of each.

66

mycology

the branch of science concerned with the study of fungi.

67

mycoplasmas

bacteria of the Mycoplasma genus that are found in humans and most have no cell wall; the smallest free-living organisms presently known, being intermediate in size between viruses and bacteria.

68

myelitis

inflammation of the spinal cord or of the bone marrow.

69

myo

prefix meaning muscle.

70

myocardial infarction

referred to as a heart attack. Usually results in damage to the myocardium.

71

myocarditis

inflammation of the muscular walls of the heart.

72

myx

prefix meaning mucus.