Physiology & Histology of the Skin Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Physiology & Histology of the Skin Deck (15):
1

The study of the structures and composition of the skin

Skin histology

2

The basic building blocks for tissues

proteins

3

Characteristics of healthy skin

smooth, hydrated, slightly acidic, good elasticity

4

How does the body maintain thermoregulation?

perspiration, radiation, insulation

5

Name the bottom layer of the epidermis

Stratum germinativum

6

What layer of the epidermis holds the grainy cells?

Stratum granulosum

7

The average adult skin cell turn over time is how many days?

28

8

What is a melanin production stimulant?

exposure to sunlight

9

What color is eumelanin?

dark brown to black

10

What percentage of hair is made of hard keratin?

90%

11

What glands secrete oil?

sebaceous glands

12

Name some functions of lymph

bathes skin cells, helps with immune function, removes toxins and waste

13

What type of UV light consists of burning rays?

UVB (B=burning)

14

What effect does nicotine have on the body and skin?

contracts blood vessels cutting off nutrients and oxygen supply, this will asphyxiate the skin by depriving it of oxygen and nutrients

15

Where do phytoestrogens come from?

plants