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Flashcards in PICOT Questions Deck (29):
0

Does circumcision increase or decrease the rate of STI's?

Decreases

1

Do short, natural nails reduce the future risk of quality of care compared to artificial nails?

Yes

2

In geriatric patients, how does the use of side rails compared with no side rails affect the number of patient falls from bed?

Inconclusive

3

Should you instill normal saline solution prior to endotracheal suctioning?

No

4

Can you use sea bands in place of anti-emetic drugs?

No

5

When a patient is critically ill or ventilated, which kind of treatment should be utilized?

VAP bundle criteria

6

Should you use alcohol-based scrubs or wash hands with soap and water?

Alcohol-based scrubs

7

In hospitalized patients, how does intermittent urinary catheterization as compared to indwelling catheterization affect the incidence of UTI?

UTIs were associated with dwell time and frequency, but there is no strong correlation of which type of catheter used

8

With obese patients, will the use of ventrogluteal site versus the dorsogluteal site prevent bad injection?

Ventrogluteal site is most recommended for clinical use because it is thicker and there is o chance of hitting the sciatic nerve

9

How long should an IV stay inserted?

96 hours with no signs of of phlebitis or inflammation, but 72 if aggravating IV solution

10

What type of control should be maintained in surgical patients?

Maintain tight glycemic control

11

Should you aspirate IM injections?

Yes, but only because there is no evidence supporting or denying it

12

Does scheduled oral hydration decrease the risk for dehydration in the elderly compared to non-scheduled?

Yes

13

Should a patient with a DVT be placed on bed rest?

Evidence contradicts, because placing a patient on bed rest causes PEs, but does shorten time and severity of the DVT

14

During circumcision of male infants, how does glucose water compare to nerve block as a method for pain relief?

Use both together

15

Should cancer patients be given TPN?

Yes

16

Does fasting prevent pulmonary aspiration during non-abdominal surgery?

Yes, in patients with GERD and gastric paresis

17

How does the use of mechanical prophylaxis reduce the future risk of DVT compared with chemical prophylaxis?

Chemical is better if not contraindicated

18

Should manual or mechanical lifts be implemented?

Mechanical

19

Does therapeutic hypothermia reduce neural damage in cardiac arrest patients upon discharge compared with normothermic treatment?

Yes

20

Should a patient be kept warm or cold during general anesthesia?

Warm

21

Should abstinence only health education be used or comprehensive?

Comprehensive

22

Should normal saline or heparin flush be used on intermittent IV access devices?

Normal saline

23

Does the use of anesthetic cream prior to inserting an IV decrease pain compared to not using any?

Yes if not contraindicated

24

Isopropryl Inhalation vs. Antiemetics

Yes, if not contraindicated; needs more research

25

Electronic versus paper charting

Electronic

26

Routine versus restrictive use of episiotomies

Restrictive use is favored

27

Music therapy in pain management

Supplemental, to be used with analgesics

28

12 versus 8 hour shifts

8