Flashcards in Piedmont and Valle d'Aoste Deck (76):
Barolo is higher or lower in altitude than Barbaresco?
About 165ft higher in altitude.
What's the soil type in La Morra and Barolo?
Tortonian - calcareous marls. The wines from La Morra and Barolo offer slightly less tense, more openly fragrant wines.
Name some of the top vineyards and producers in La Morra.
Arborina - Altare, Mauro Veglio, Bovio
Brunate - Altare, Vietti, Voerzio, Beppe Rinaldi, Oddero
Le Rocche - Bruno Giacosa, Mauro Veglio, Paolo Scavino, Roberto Voerzio
Name some of the top vineyards and producers in Barolo.
Cannubi - Paolo Scavino, E. Pira, Poderi Luigi Einaudi
Brunate - Altare, Vietti, Voerzio, Beppe Rinaldi
Name some of the top vineyards and producers in Monforte d'Alba.
Bussia - Aldo Conterno, Fennochio
Santo Stefano - Giuseppe Mascarello, Bruno Giacosa
Name some of the top vineyards and producers in Serralunga d'Alba.
Cerretta - Altare, Baudana, Giacomo Conterno
Falletto - Bruno Giacosa
Prapò - Schiavenza
Vigna Rionda - Oddero, Luigi Pira, Massolino
Producer Cappellano makes Barolo 'Rupestris' and 'Piè Franco'
Name some of the top vineyards and producers in Verduno.
Monvigliero - Castello di Verduno, Fratelli Alessandria, Burlotto
Name some of the top vineyards and producers in Castiglione Falletto.
Bricco Boschis - Cavalotto
Fiasc - Azelia, Paolo Scavino
Monprivato - Giuseppe Mascarello
Rocche di Castiglione - Vietti, Oddero, Brovia
The soils of Serralunga, Monforte and Castiglione are:
Helvetia with more sandstone. They are less fertile than Tortonian soils.
Helvetian soils tend to produce more beefy, long aging wines.
When were Barolo and Barbaresco awarded DOCG status?
Nebbiolo is an early or late ripener?
What are the synonyms or clones of Nebbiolo?
Michet, Rosè, and Lampia clones
Picutener (in Carema)
Spanna (Gattinara and Ghemme, sub-alpine climate)
What does bricco mean?
What are the top vineyards in Barbaresco?
Asili, Martinenga, Sorì Tildin, Rabajà, Pajè
Name two famous communes in Barbaresco (besides Barbaresco)
Name some top Asili producers.
Ceretto, Bruno Giacosa, Produttori
Other notable Barbaresco producers:
Marchesi di Gresy
What are the top vineyards in Neive?
Basarin - Moccagatta
Bricco - Cigliuti
Cottà - Sottimano, Vietti
Santo Stefano - Bruno Giacosa
Serraboella - Cigliuti, Paitin
Know Piero Busso
Barolo is the southwestern most appellation in Piedmont. True or False?
True. Just northeast - and between it and Barbaresco - is Dolcetto di Diano d'Alba.
What are the mountains surrounding Piemonte?
The Apennines and the Alps
What river cuts through the heart of Piemonte?
The Po River, and most of the viticultural areas are SOUTH of the Po.
What's a climactic worry in Piemonte?
What are sorì?
Prized southern facing hills
What grape is earliest to ripen in Piemonte?
What is the most planted RED grape in Piemonte?
Name other red grapes in Piemonte besides Nebbiolo, Dolcetto and Barbera:
What is the most planted WHITE grape in Piemonte?
Moscato Bianco (Muscat à Petits Grains)
What are some other white grapes in Piemonte besides Moscato?
Piedmont is home to more DOC zones than any other region in Italy. True or False?
True. Piemonte has 16 DOCGs and over 40 DOCs.
In what province are Barolo and Barbaresco?
Cuneo province, and they run along the Tanaro River.
What are the 5 most important Barolo communes?
Barolo normale aging requirements:
Barolo must be aged at least 38 months from November 1 of the harvest year, but only 18 months need be in oak.
Barolo Riserva aging requirements:
Barolo Riserva requires a total 62 months prior to release.
Name some traditional Barolo producers:
Name some modern Barolo producers:
Barbaresco normale aging requirements:
Wines must be aged for a minimum of 2 years (including at least 9 months in cask) prior to release.
Barbaresco Riserva aging requirements:
Wines must be aged for a minimum of 4 years (including at least 9 months in cask) prior to release.
Angelo Gaja really put Barbaresco on the wine map. How does he release his wines now?
Under Langhe DOC.
Name two other traditional Barbaresco producers:
Produttori del Barbaresco
Roero reds must be minimum __% Nebbiolo and...
minimum 95% Nebbiolo, maximum 5% other non-aromatic red grapes of Piemonte
Roero whites must be minimum ___% Arneis and...:
minimum 95% Arneis, maximum 5% other non-aromatic white grapes of Piemonte
Nebbiolo from Roero is lighter than Barolo and Barbaresco. Why?
It has sandier soils. Many producers are also experimenting with modern practices.
Gattinara DOCG and Ghemme DOCG straddle which river?
The Sesia River
Gattinara and Ghemme offer only reds, no whites. True or False?
Gattinara grape mins/max:
Minimum 90% Spanna, maximum 10% in total of Bonarda di Gattinara and Vespolina (Vespolina cannot exceed 4%)
Gattinara aging requirements for Normale and Riserva:
minimum 35 months, including 24 months in wood, from November 1 of the harvest year. 12.5% abv
47 months, including 36 months in wood, from November 1 of the harvest year. 13% abv
Ghemme grape mins/max:
minimum 85% Spanna, combined maximum 15% Vespolina and Uva Rara (Bonarda Novarese)
Ghemme aging requirements for Normale and Riserva:
minimum 34 months, including a minimum 18 months in wood and 6 months in bottle from November 1 of the harvest year. 12% abv
minimum 46 months, including a minimum 24 months in wood and 6 months in bottle from November 1 of the harvest year 12.5% abv
Name three other DOCs that make Nebbiolo-based wines in northern Piemonte:
What are the two DOCGs for Barbera?
Barbera del Monferrato Superiore
Barbera d'Asti normale aging requirement:
may be released after a short four-month aging period
Barbera del Monferrato Superiore aging requirement:
MUST BE SUPERIORE to be DOCG!
The wine spends 14 months aging prior to release, including six months in cask.
Name two other DOCGs in the Monferrato hills:
Nizza (100% Barbera; used to be a subzone of Barbera d'Asti)
Ruchè di Castiglione Monferrato
What are the 3 DOCGs for Dolcetto?
Dogliani (normale and superiore)
Ovada Superiore (superiore ONLY)
Diano d'Alba (normale and superiore)
- minimum aging for all Superiore Dolcetto wines is at least 1 year, and all must have higher ABV than Normale.
What does is mean when "menzioni geografiche aggiuntive" is on the label?
77 sorì are classified as superior exposures
Which was the first white DOCG in Piemonte?
Gavi (Cortese grape)
What is the largest DOCG producer in all of Italy?
Moscato d'Asti DOCG with over 650,000hl produced each year.
Spumante means fully sparkling or lightly sparkling?
Fully sparkling (Asti, not Moscato d'Asti, is fully sparkling)
What is the maximum allowed pressure for Moscato d'Asti?
Moscato d'Asti is spumante or frizzante?
Frizzante, or lightly sparkling.
What does Alta Langa DOCG make?
Sparkling wines based on PN and CH.
Alta Langa aging requirements (they're always vintage dated!):
Normale may not be released for 30 months after the harvest, and Riserva versions may not be released for a full 3 years.
What is the climate of Valle d'Aosta?
What's the name of the river in Valle d'Aosta that carved out the land on which grapes are now planted?
Dora Baltea River
What are the 7 seven sub-appellations in Valle d'Aosta?
Blanc de Morgex et de la Salle
Name some red grapes in Valle d'Aosta:
Petit Rouge (Torrette, Chambave, Enfer d’Arvier)
Picotendro (aka Nebbiolo, used in Donnas and Arnad-Montjovet)
Name some white grapes in Valle d'Aosta:
Blanc de Morgex (aka Prié)
Brachetto d'Acqui DOCG mins, maxs:
Min 97% Brachetto, max 3% other grapes ok for cultivation in Piedmont
Rosso - 11.5%
Spumante - 12%
Passito - 16%
Min RS: 50g/L (Passito only)
Passito may not be released before Oct 1 year following harvest
Moscato d'Asti DOCG mins, maxs:
Largest producer of DOCG wine in Italy!
Must be 100% Moscato Bianco
Asti - 11.5% (Charmat)
Asti Metodo Classico - 12% (9m sur lie, 2nd ferm in btl)
What's the difference between frizzante and spumante?
Frizzante is slightly bubbly
Spumante is sparkling wine
What is the minimum abv for Barolo?
What is the minimum abv for Barbaresco?
Gavi DOCG - grape, abv, tranquillo, spumante metodo classico.
abv: 10.5% normale, 11% Riserva
Tranquillo wines may display only slight traces of wood.
Spumante Metodo Classico aged 2 yrs, incl. 18mos sur lie from Oct 15th the year of harvest.
Erbaluce di Caluso DOCG - grape, aging, min RS.
- spumante min. 15mos sur lie
- Passito 36 mos from Nov 1
- Riserva 48 most from Nov 1
Min RS for Passito: 70 g/L
Barbera: After __ years in wood it can be called ___ AND if it has __% abv.
3 years in wood, 13% abv