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Flashcards in Piedmont and Valle d'Aoste Deck (76):
1

Barolo is higher or lower in altitude than Barbaresco?

About 165ft higher in altitude.

2

What's the soil type in La Morra and Barolo?

Tortonian - calcareous marls. The wines from La Morra and Barolo offer slightly less tense, more openly fragrant wines.

3

Name some of the top vineyards and producers in La Morra.

Arborina - Altare, Mauro Veglio, Bovio

Brunate - Altare, Vietti, Voerzio, Beppe Rinaldi, Oddero

Cerequio -

Le Rocche - Bruno Giacosa, Mauro Veglio, Paolo Scavino, Roberto Voerzio

4

Name some of the top vineyards and producers in Barolo.

Cannubi - Paolo Scavino, E. Pira, Poderi Luigi Einaudi

Brunate - Altare, Vietti, Voerzio, Beppe Rinaldi

Cerequio -

5

Name some of the top vineyards and producers in Monforte d'Alba.

Bussia - Aldo Conterno, Fennochio

Santo Stefano - Giuseppe Mascarello, Bruno Giacosa

6

Name some of the top vineyards and producers in Serralunga d'Alba.

Cerretta - Altare, Baudana, Giacomo Conterno

Falletto - Bruno Giacosa

Gattinera -

Prapò - Schiavenza

Vigna Rionda - Oddero, Luigi Pira, Massolino

Producer Cappellano makes Barolo 'Rupestris' and 'Piè Franco'

7

Name some of the top vineyards and producers in Verduno.

Monvigliero - Castello di Verduno, Fratelli Alessandria, Burlotto

8

Name some of the top vineyards and producers in Castiglione Falletto.

Bricco Boschis - Cavalotto

Fiasc - Azelia, Paolo Scavino

Monprivato - Giuseppe Mascarello

Rocche di Castiglione - Vietti, Oddero, Brovia

9

The soils of Serralunga, Monforte and Castiglione are:

Helvetia with more sandstone. They are less fertile than Tortonian soils.

Helvetian soils tend to produce more beefy, long aging wines.

10

When were Barolo and Barbaresco awarded DOCG status?

1980

11

Nebbiolo is an early or late ripener?

Late

12

What are the synonyms or clones of Nebbiolo?

Michet, Rosè, and Lampia clones
Picutener (in Carema)
Picotendre
Picoultener
Chiavennasca (Valtellina)
Spanna (Gattinara and Ghemme, sub-alpine climate)

13

What does bricco mean?

Vineyard

14

What are the top vineyards in Barbaresco?

Asili, Martinenga, Sorì Tildin, Rabajà, Pajè

15

Name two famous communes in Barbaresco (besides Barbaresco)

Neive, Treiso

16

Name some top Asili producers.

Ceretto, Bruno Giacosa, Produttori

17

Other notable Barbaresco producers:

Gaja
Marchesi di Gresy
Roagna
Moccagatta
Sottimano

18

What are the top vineyards in Neive?

Basarin - Moccagatta

Bricco - Cigliuti

Cottà - Sottimano, Vietti

Santo Stefano - Bruno Giacosa

Serraboella - Cigliuti, Paitin

Know Piero Busso

19

Barolo is the southwestern most appellation in Piedmont. True or False?

True. Just northeast - and between it and Barbaresco - is Dolcetto di Diano d'Alba.

20

What are the mountains surrounding Piemonte?

The Apennines and the Alps

21

What river cuts through the heart of Piemonte?

The Po River, and most of the viticultural areas are SOUTH of the Po.

22

What's a climactic worry in Piemonte?

Autumn hail

23

What are sorì?

Prized southern facing hills

24

What grape is earliest to ripen in Piemonte?

Dolcetto

25

What is the most planted RED grape in Piemonte?

Barbera

26

Name other red grapes in Piemonte besides Nebbiolo, Dolcetto and Barbera:

Freisa
Brachetto
Grignolino
Ruchè
Croatina
Vespolina

27

What is the most planted WHITE grape in Piemonte?

Moscato Bianco (Muscat à Petits Grains)

28

What are some other white grapes in Piemonte besides Moscato?

Cortese
Arneis
Erbaluce
Favorita (Vermentino)
Chardonnay

29

Piedmont is home to more DOC zones than any other region in Italy. True or False?

True. Piemonte has 16 DOCGs and over 40 DOCs.

30

In what province are Barolo and Barbaresco?

Cuneo province, and they run along the Tanaro River.

31

What are the 5 most important Barolo communes?

La Morra
Barolo
Serralunga d’Alba
Monforte d’Alba
Castiglione Falletto

32

Barolo normale aging requirements:

Barolo must be aged at least 38 months from November 1 of the harvest year, but only 18 months need be in oak.

33

Barolo Riserva aging requirements:

Barolo Riserva requires a total 62 months prior to release.

34

Name some traditional Barolo producers:

Giacomo Conterno
Bartolo Mascarello
Giuseppe Rinaldi
Cappellano

35

Name some modern Barolo producers:

Paolo Scavino
Luciano Sandrone
Elio Altare
Clerico

36

Barbaresco normale aging requirements:

Wines must be aged for a minimum of 2 years (including at least 9 months in cask) prior to release.

37

Barbaresco Riserva aging requirements:

Wines must be aged for a minimum of 4 years (including at least 9 months in cask) prior to release.

38

Angelo Gaja really put Barbaresco on the wine map. How does he release his wines now?

Under Langhe DOC.

39

Name two other traditional Barbaresco producers:

Produttori del Barbaresco
Bruno Giacosa

40

Roero reds must be minimum __% Nebbiolo and...

minimum 95% Nebbiolo, maximum 5% other non-aromatic red grapes of Piemonte

41

Roero whites must be minimum ___% Arneis and...:

minimum 95% Arneis, maximum 5% other non-aromatic white grapes of Piemonte

42

Nebbiolo from Roero is lighter than Barolo and Barbaresco. Why?

It has sandier soils. Many producers are also experimenting with modern practices.

43

Gattinara DOCG and Ghemme DOCG straddle which river?

The Sesia River

44

Gattinara and Ghemme offer only reds, no whites. True or False?

True

45

Gattinara grape mins/max:

Minimum 90% Spanna, maximum 10% in total of Bonarda di Gattinara and Vespolina (Vespolina cannot exceed 4%)

46

Gattinara aging requirements for Normale and Riserva:

Normale
minimum 35 months, including 24 months in wood, from November 1 of the harvest year. 12.5% abv

Riserva
47 months, including 36 months in wood, from November 1 of the harvest year. 13% abv

47

Ghemme grape mins/max:

minimum 85% Spanna, combined maximum 15% Vespolina and Uva Rara (Bonarda Novarese)

48

Ghemme aging requirements for Normale and Riserva:

Normale
minimum 34 months, including a minimum 18 months in wood and 6 months in bottle from November 1 of the harvest year. 12% abv

Riserva
minimum 46 months, including a minimum 24 months in wood and 6 months in bottle from November 1 of the harvest year 12.5% abv

49

Name three other DOCs that make Nebbiolo-based wines in northern Piemonte:

Lessona DOC
Sizzano DOC
Carema DOC

50

What are the two DOCGs for Barbera?

Barbera d'Asti
Barbera del Monferrato Superiore

51

Barbera d'Asti normale aging requirement:

may be released after a short four-month aging period

52

Barbera del Monferrato Superiore aging requirement:

MUST BE SUPERIORE to be DOCG!

The wine spends 14 months aging prior to release, including six months in cask.

53

Name two other DOCGs in the Monferrato hills:

Nizza (100% Barbera; used to be a subzone of Barbera d'Asti)
Ruchè di Castiglione Monferrato

54

What are the 3 DOCGs for Dolcetto?

Dogliani (normale and superiore)
Ovada Superiore (superiore ONLY)
Diano d'Alba (normale and superiore)

- minimum aging for all Superiore Dolcetto wines is at least 1 year, and all must have higher ABV than Normale.

55

What does is mean when "menzioni geografiche aggiuntive" is on the label?

77 sorì are classified as superior exposures

56

Which was the first white DOCG in Piemonte?

Gavi (Cortese grape)

57

What is the largest DOCG producer in all of Italy?

Moscato d'Asti DOCG with over 650,000hl produced each year.

58

Spumante means fully sparkling or lightly sparkling?

Fully sparkling (Asti, not Moscato d'Asti, is fully sparkling)

59

What is the maximum allowed pressure for Moscato d'Asti?

2 atmospheres

60

Moscato d'Asti is spumante or frizzante?

Frizzante, or lightly sparkling.

61

What does Alta Langa DOCG make?

Sparkling wines based on PN and CH.

62

Alta Langa aging requirements (they're always vintage dated!):

Normale may not be released for 30 months after the harvest, and Riserva versions may not be released for a full 3 years.

63

What is the climate of Valle d'Aosta?

Continental

64

What's the name of the river in Valle d'Aosta that carved out the land on which grapes are now planted?

Dora Baltea River

65

What are the 7 seven sub-appellations in Valle d'Aosta?

Arnad-Montjovet
Blanc de Morgex et de la Salle
Chambave
Donnas
Enfer d’Arvier
Nus
Torrette

66

Name some red grapes in Valle d'Aosta:

Petit Rouge (Torrette, Chambave, Enfer d’Arvier)

Picotendro (aka Nebbiolo, used in Donnas and Arnad-Montjovet)

Fumin
Gamay

67

Name some white grapes in Valle d'Aosta:

Petit Arvine
Blanc de Morgex (aka Prié)

68

Brachetto d'Acqui DOCG mins, maxs:

Min 97% Brachetto, max 3% other grapes ok for cultivation in Piedmont

Min ABVs
Rosso - 11.5%
Spumante - 12%
Passito - 16%

Min RS: 50g/L (Passito only)
Passito may not be released before Oct 1 year following harvest

69

Moscato d'Asti DOCG mins, maxs:

Largest producer of DOCG wine in Italy!
Must be 100% Moscato Bianco

Min ABV
Asti - 11.5% (Charmat)
Asti Metodo Classico - 12% (9m sur lie, 2nd ferm in btl)

70

What's the difference between frizzante and spumante?

Frizzante is slightly bubbly
Spumante is sparkling wine

71

What is the minimum abv for Barolo?

13%

72

What is the minimum abv for Barbaresco?

12.5%

73

Gavi DOCG - grape, abv, tranquillo, spumante metodo classico.

100% Cortese
abv: 10.5% normale, 11% Riserva
Tranquillo wines may display only slight traces of wood.
Spumante Metodo Classico aged 2 yrs, incl. 18mos sur lie from Oct 15th the year of harvest.

74

Erbaluce di Caluso DOCG - grape, aging, min RS.

100% Erbaluce
Aging
- spumante min. 15mos sur lie
- Passito 36 mos from Nov 1
- Riserva 48 most from Nov 1
Min RS for Passito: 70 g/L

75

Barbera: After __ years in wood it can be called ___ AND if it has __% abv.

3 years in wood, 13% abv

76

What are the 16 DOCGs of Piedmont?

Alta Langa
Dolcetto di Diano d'Alba
Dolcetto di Ovada
Dolcetto di Fogliami
Barolo
Barbaresco
Gattinara
Ghemme
Gavi
Moscato d'Asti
Brachetto d'Acqui
Roero (Arneis and Nebbiolo)
Barbera d'Asti
Barbera del Monferrato Superiore
Erbaluce di Caluso
Roche di Castagnole Monferrato