Plant And Animal Cells Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Plant And Animal Cells Deck (36):
1

Skeleton of cell; function: structure, support, movement

Cytoskeleton

2

Three types of cytoskeleton

Microfilaments, intermediate filaments, microtubules

3

Long, thin, flexible, in bundles, solid; deal with cellular movement and muscle contraction

Microfilaments

4

function: maintain cell shape and function in cell to cell junction, make up keratin

Intermediate filaments

5

hollow; function: aid in cell division, form tracks with the cell that help with distribution

Microtubules

6

What protein makes up microfilaments

Actin

7

What protein makes up intermediate filament

A lot of different ones

8

Protein that makes up microtubules

Tubulin

9

Membrane-bound vesicles made by the goldfi apparatus and contain digestive enzymes

Lysosomes

10

The function of a lysosome

To get rid of things we don't want

11

Semi fluid outside of nucleus, contains nucleoid and ribosomes

Cytoplasm

12

Stack of flat, membrane-bound sacks

Golgi apparatus

13

Structure of the Golgi apparatus

Cisternae, Cis face, trans face

14

Function of the golgi apparatus

Processing center

15

Individual that makes up stack

Cisternae

16

Where Molecules enter

Vid face

17

Where molecules exit

Trans face

18

Energy production of the cell

Mitochondria

19

Structure of mitochondria

Double membrane: inner membrane - cristae, inside that, matrix

20

Site of protein synthesis

Ribosomes

21

Structure of ribosomes

Two subunits, it looks like snowman, made of protein and rRNA

22

Robinsons can be __ or __

Floating around cytoplasm or attached to the ER

23

Membrane-bound vesicles

Peroxisomes

24

Function of peroxisomes

Detoxification, gets rid of toxins or poisons

25

Function is protein synthesis because it has ribosomes attached to it

Rough ER

26

Makes lipids and fatty acid's, doesn't have ribosomes

Smooth ER

27

A network of membrane channels and saccules

Endoplasmic reticulum ER

28

Membrane-bound organelle that has DNA, Control center of the cell

Nucleus

29

DNAs undividing form is called __ (threadlike)

Chromatin

30

When DNA is condensed enough to see it it is called __ (coiled up)

Chromosomes

31

Double membrane around nucleus, has nuclear pores to allow things in and out

Nuclear envelope

32

Proteins embedded and semi permeable, regulates what goes in and out

Plasma membrane

33

Dense region of nuclear us that is involved in the production of rRNA

Nucleolus

34

Function is to maintain the cell shape

Cell wall

35

Where photosynthesis takes place

Chloroplasts

36

Keeps the plant rigid due to the fact that it's mainly water

Central vacuole