Plant Phylogeny Flashcards Preview

Bio 202 Plants > Plant Phylogeny > Flashcards

Flashcards in Plant Phylogeny Deck (43):
1

  1. EXPOSED OVULES
  2. EXPOSED SEEDS
  3. WIND POLLINATION IS TYPICAL
  4. WIND DISPERSAL OF SEEDS IS TYPICAL

GYMNOSPERM

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2


SCALE OR NEEDLE-LIKE LEAVES


CONIFEROPHYTA

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3


USES A POLLEN TUBE TO DELIVER FLAGELLATED SPERM


GINKGOPHYTA

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4

  1. ENCLOSED OVULES
  2. ENCLOSED SEEDS
  3. FLOWERS
  4. SEPALS, PETALS, ANTHERS, AND CARPELS
  5. FRUITS
  6. OVULES CONTAINING SYNERGIDS AND POLAR NUCLEI
  7. DOUBLE FERTILIZATION
  8. ENDOSPERM
  9. EXPLOITATION OF ANIMALS FOR REPRODUCTIVE ENDS
  10. ANIMAL POLLINATION TYPICAL
  11. ANIMAL SEED DISPERSAL TYPICAL
  12. SPIRAL ARRANGEMENT OF FLORAL ORGANS

ANGIOSPERMS

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5


TREE-SHAPED GAMETOPHORES


HEPATOPHYTA

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6


EXHIBITS A CONICAL-SHAPED BODY WITH STRAIGHT, LATERAL BRANCHES


CONIFEROPHYTA

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7


CONSISTS OF LIVERWORTS

HEPATOPHYTA

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8


OLDEST AND LARGEST ORGANISMS KNOWN


CONIFEROPHYTA

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9


TOP LEFT TO RIGHT:

SEE, SEE. HEIDI AND BRYON LOOK PRETTY COOL.

GO GET COKES BUT MAKE EDWARDS MILK.

BOTTOM

DOWN TO UPWARDS:

GET CANDY PLEASE SO VANESSA MAY SEE A WHOLE MOVIE.

10


ONLY PLANT TAXON THAT LACKS STOMATA


HEPATOPHYTA

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11

ORDER OF TOP:

  1. CHLOROPHYTES
  2. CHAROPHYTES
  3. HEPATOPHYTES
  4. ANTHOCEROPHYTA
  5. BRYOPHYTA
  6. LYCOPHYTA
  7. PTEROPHYTA
  8. CYCADOPHYTA
  9. GINKGOPHYTA
  10. GNETOPHYTA
  11. CONIFEROPHYTA
  12. BASAL ANGIOSPERMS
  13. MAGNOLIIDS
  14. EUDICOTS
  15. MONOCOTS

ORDER OF BOTTOM:

  1. GRASS-GREEN CHLOROPLASTS
  2. CHAROPHYTE AND PLANT SHARED CHARACTERS
  3. PLANT CHARACTERS
  4. STOMATA
  5. VASCULAR TISSUE
  6. MEGAPHYLLS
  7. SEEDS
  8. GYMNO
  9. ANGIO
  10. WHORLS
  11. DI
  12. MONO

12


HORN-SHAPED SPOROPHYTES


ANTHOCEROPHYTA

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13

  1. APICAL MERISTEMS
  2. ALTERNATION OF GENERATIONS LIFE CYCLE
  3. LIFE CYCLES WITH MULTICELLULAR GAMETOPHYTES AND SPOROPHYTES
  4. WALLED SPORES PRODUCED IN MULTICELLULAR SPORANGIA
  5. MULTICELLULAR GAMETANGIA
  6. ARCHEGONIA AND ANTHERIDIA
  7. MULTICELLULAR, DEPENDANT EMBRYOS
  8. SPOROPOLLENIN

PLANT CHARACTERISTICS

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14


MOST OF OUR SOFTWOOD LUMBER


CONIFEROPHYTA

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15


SOME OF WHICH FORM SORI


PTEROPHYTA

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16


CONCENTRIC ARRANGEMENT OF FLOWER ORGANS


WHORLS

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17


ANCESTORS FORMED THE FIRST FORESTS

PTEROPHYTA

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18


DOES NOT PRODUCE FLOWERS AND HAS LARGE, FAN-SHAPED LEAVES


GINKGOPHYTA

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19

LIVES IN FRESHWATER PONDS THAT REPEATEDLY DRY OUT


CHAROPHYTE

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20


CONSISTS OF SAGO-PALMS


CYCADOPHYTA

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21


GINKGO BILOBA


GINKGOPHYTA

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22


LOOK LIKE EUDICOTS BUT HAVE SPIRAL ARRANGEMENT OF FLOWER ORGANS


MAGNOLIIDS

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23

 

  1. GAMETOPHYTE DEPENDS ON SPOROPHYTE
  2. HETEROSPORY
  3. POLLEN
  4. POLLINATION
  5. POLLEN TUBE DELIVERY OF SPERM
  6. OVULES
  7. SEED DISPERSAL


SEEDS

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24


UNICELLULAR, COLONIAL, AND MULTICELLULAR PHOTOSYNTHETIC ORGANISMS THAT ARE AQUATIC


CHLOROPHYTES

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25

  1. LIGNIN AS A COMPONENT OF THE CELL WALL
  2. XYLEM
  3. PHLOEM
  4. TRUE ROOTS, STEMS, AND LEAVES
  5. DOMINANT SPOROPHYTES
  6. SPOROPHYLLS
  7. MODIFIED LEAVES THAT HAVE SPORANGIA
  8. INDEPENDENT GAMETOPHYTES AND SPOROPHYTES
  9. BRANCHED SPOROPHYTES


VASCULAR TISSUE

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26

OVERTOPPING GROWTH

 

PERICYCLE (BRANCH ROOTS ALONG LENGTH OF ROOT NOT JUST AT TIPS)

MEGAPHYLLS

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27


CONSISTS OF HORNWORTS


ANTHOCEROPHYTA

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28


PINES, REDWOOD, FIRS, CEDARS, ETC.


CONIFEROPHYTA

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29

  1. ROSE-SHAPED CELLULOSE SYNTHESIS COMPLEXES
  2. PEROXISOME ENZYMES THAT MINIMIZE PHOTORESPIRATION
  3. SIMILAR STRUCTURE OF SPERM FLAGELLA
  4. PHRAGMOPLASTS (FEATURES OF CYTOKINESIS)


CHAROPHYTE & PLANT CHARACTERISTICS

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30


LARGE TEMPERATE RAINFORESTS OF THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE


CONIFEROPHYTA

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31

 

  • TREE-SHAPED GAMETOPHORES
  • ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION WITH GEMMA CUPS
  • HORN-SHAPED SPOROPHYTES
  • CARPET-FORMING VERTICAL GROW


NON-VASCULAR

 

ON GRAPH: BETWEEN PLANT AND STOMATA CHARACTERS TO POINT AFTER STOMATA AND BEFORE VASCULAR

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32


WHISK FERNS, HORSETAILS, AND TRUE FERNS


PTEROPHYTA

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33


CARPET-FORMING VERTICAL GROWTH


BRYOPHYTA

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34


PARAPHYLETIC AND INCLUDES WATER LILLIES/LOTUSES


BASAL ANGIOSPERMS

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35


GUARD CELLS


STOMATA

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36


REPRODUCES ASEXUALLY WITH GEMMA CUPS


HEPATOPHYTA

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37


INCLUDES THE GENERA WELWITSCHIA, GNETUM, AND EPHEDRA


GNETOPHYTA

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38

 

  • TWO COTYLEDONS
  • TWO EMBRYONIC LEAVES
  • BRANCHING LEAF VENATION
  • RING ARRANGEMENT OF VASCULAR BUNDLES
  • TAP ROOT SYSTEMS
  • FLORAL ORGANS IN MULTIPLES OF FOUR OR FIVE
  • POLLEN POSSESSING THREE OPENINGS
  • LEAVES CONTAINING PALISADE AND SPONGY MESOPHYLL


EUDICOTS

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39


SPIKE MOSSES, CLUB MOSSES, AND QUILLWORTS


LYCOPHYTA

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40


ONE OR FEW LARGE STROBILI


CYCADOPHYTA

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41


TRUE MOSSES


BRYOPHYTA

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42


LIVER-SHAPED GAMETOPHYTES AND TINY SPOROPHYTES


HEPATOPHYTA

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43

 

  • ONE COTYLEDON
  • ONE EMBRYONIC LEAF
  • PARALLEL LEAF VENATION
  • SCATTERED ARRANGEMENT OF VASCULAR BUNDLES
  • FIBROUS ROOT SYSTEMS
  • FLORAL ORGANS IN MULTIPLES OF THREE
  • POLLEN POSSESSING A SINGLE OPENING
  • LEAVES CONTAINING ONLY SPONGY MESOPHYLL

MONOCOTS

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