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Flashcards in Plant Phylogeny Deck (43):
1

  1. EXPOSED OVULES
  2. EXPOSED SEEDS
  3. WIND POLLINATION IS TYPICAL
  4. WIND DISPERSAL OF SEEDS IS TYPICAL

GYMNOSPERM

2


SCALE OR NEEDLE-LIKE LEAVES


CONIFEROPHYTA

3


USES A POLLEN TUBE TO DELIVER FLAGELLATED SPERM


GINKGOPHYTA

4

  1. ENCLOSED OVULES
  2. ENCLOSED SEEDS
  3. FLOWERS
  4. SEPALS, PETALS, ANTHERS, AND CARPELS
  5. FRUITS
  6. OVULES CONTAINING SYNERGIDS AND POLAR NUCLEI
  7. DOUBLE FERTILIZATION
  8. ENDOSPERM
  9. EXPLOITATION OF ANIMALS FOR REPRODUCTIVE ENDS
  10. ANIMAL POLLINATION TYPICAL
  11. ANIMAL SEED DISPERSAL TYPICAL
  12. SPIRAL ARRANGEMENT OF FLORAL ORGANS

ANGIOSPERMS

5


TREE-SHAPED GAMETOPHORES


HEPATOPHYTA

6


EXHIBITS A CONICAL-SHAPED BODY WITH STRAIGHT, LATERAL BRANCHES


CONIFEROPHYTA

7


CONSISTS OF LIVERWORTS

HEPATOPHYTA

8


OLDEST AND LARGEST ORGANISMS KNOWN


CONIFEROPHYTA

9


TOP LEFT TO RIGHT:

SEE, SEE. HEIDI AND BRYON LOOK PRETTY COOL.

GO GET COKES BUT MAKE EDWARDS MILK.

BOTTOM

DOWN TO UPWARDS:

GET CANDY PLEASE SO VANESSA MAY SEE A WHOLE MOVIE.

10


ONLY PLANT TAXON THAT LACKS STOMATA


HEPATOPHYTA

11

ORDER OF TOP:

  1. CHLOROPHYTES
  2. CHAROPHYTES
  3. HEPATOPHYTES
  4. ANTHOCEROPHYTA
  5. BRYOPHYTA
  6. LYCOPHYTA
  7. PTEROPHYTA
  8. CYCADOPHYTA
  9. GINKGOPHYTA
  10. GNETOPHYTA
  11. CONIFEROPHYTA
  12. BASAL ANGIOSPERMS
  13. MAGNOLIIDS
  14. EUDICOTS
  15. MONOCOTS

ORDER OF BOTTOM:

  1. GRASS-GREEN CHLOROPLASTS
  2. CHAROPHYTE AND PLANT SHARED CHARACTERS
  3. PLANT CHARACTERS
  4. STOMATA
  5. VASCULAR TISSUE
  6. MEGAPHYLLS
  7. SEEDS
  8. GYMNO
  9. ANGIO
  10. WHORLS
  11. DI
  12. MONO

12


HORN-SHAPED SPOROPHYTES


ANTHOCEROPHYTA

13

  1. APICAL MERISTEMS
  2. ALTERNATION OF GENERATIONS LIFE CYCLE
  3. LIFE CYCLES WITH MULTICELLULAR GAMETOPHYTES AND SPOROPHYTES
  4. WALLED SPORES PRODUCED IN MULTICELLULAR SPORANGIA
  5. MULTICELLULAR GAMETANGIA
  6. ARCHEGONIA AND ANTHERIDIA
  7. MULTICELLULAR, DEPENDANT EMBRYOS
  8. SPOROPOLLENIN

PLANT CHARACTERISTICS

14


MOST OF OUR SOFTWOOD LUMBER


CONIFEROPHYTA

15


SOME OF WHICH FORM SORI


PTEROPHYTA

16


CONCENTRIC ARRANGEMENT OF FLOWER ORGANS


WHORLS

17


ANCESTORS FORMED THE FIRST FORESTS

PTEROPHYTA

18


DOES NOT PRODUCE FLOWERS AND HAS LARGE, FAN-SHAPED LEAVES


GINKGOPHYTA

19

LIVES IN FRESHWATER PONDS THAT REPEATEDLY DRY OUT


CHAROPHYTE

20


CONSISTS OF SAGO-PALMS


CYCADOPHYTA

21


GINKGO BILOBA


GINKGOPHYTA

22


LOOK LIKE EUDICOTS BUT HAVE SPIRAL ARRANGEMENT OF FLOWER ORGANS


MAGNOLIIDS

23

 

  1. GAMETOPHYTE DEPENDS ON SPOROPHYTE
  2. HETEROSPORY
  3. POLLEN
  4. POLLINATION
  5. POLLEN TUBE DELIVERY OF SPERM
  6. OVULES
  7. SEED DISPERSAL


SEEDS

24


UNICELLULAR, COLONIAL, AND MULTICELLULAR PHOTOSYNTHETIC ORGANISMS THAT ARE AQUATIC


CHLOROPHYTES

25

  1. LIGNIN AS A COMPONENT OF THE CELL WALL
  2. XYLEM
  3. PHLOEM
  4. TRUE ROOTS, STEMS, AND LEAVES
  5. DOMINANT SPOROPHYTES
  6. SPOROPHYLLS
  7. MODIFIED LEAVES THAT HAVE SPORANGIA
  8. INDEPENDENT GAMETOPHYTES AND SPOROPHYTES
  9. BRANCHED SPOROPHYTES


VASCULAR TISSUE

26

OVERTOPPING GROWTH

 

PERICYCLE (BRANCH ROOTS ALONG LENGTH OF ROOT NOT JUST AT TIPS)

MEGAPHYLLS

27


CONSISTS OF HORNWORTS


ANTHOCEROPHYTA

28


PINES, REDWOOD, FIRS, CEDARS, ETC.


CONIFEROPHYTA

29

  1. ROSE-SHAPED CELLULOSE SYNTHESIS COMPLEXES
  2. PEROXISOME ENZYMES THAT MINIMIZE PHOTORESPIRATION
  3. SIMILAR STRUCTURE OF SPERM FLAGELLA
  4. PHRAGMOPLASTS (FEATURES OF CYTOKINESIS)


CHAROPHYTE & PLANT CHARACTERISTICS

30


LARGE TEMPERATE RAINFORESTS OF THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE


CONIFEROPHYTA

31

 

  • TREE-SHAPED GAMETOPHORES
  • ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION WITH GEMMA CUPS
  • HORN-SHAPED SPOROPHYTES
  • CARPET-FORMING VERTICAL GROW


NON-VASCULAR

 

ON GRAPH: BETWEEN PLANT AND STOMATA CHARACTERS TO POINT AFTER STOMATA AND BEFORE VASCULAR

32


WHISK FERNS, HORSETAILS, AND TRUE FERNS


PTEROPHYTA

33


CARPET-FORMING VERTICAL GROWTH


BRYOPHYTA

34


PARAPHYLETIC AND INCLUDES WATER LILLIES/LOTUSES


BASAL ANGIOSPERMS

35


GUARD CELLS


STOMATA

36


REPRODUCES ASEXUALLY WITH GEMMA CUPS


HEPATOPHYTA

37


INCLUDES THE GENERA WELWITSCHIA, GNETUM, AND EPHEDRA


GNETOPHYTA

38

 

  • TWO COTYLEDONS
  • TWO EMBRYONIC LEAVES
  • BRANCHING LEAF VENATION
  • RING ARRANGEMENT OF VASCULAR BUNDLES
  • TAP ROOT SYSTEMS
  • FLORAL ORGANS IN MULTIPLES OF FOUR OR FIVE
  • POLLEN POSSESSING THREE OPENINGS
  • LEAVES CONTAINING PALISADE AND SPONGY MESOPHYLL


EUDICOTS

39


SPIKE MOSSES, CLUB MOSSES, AND QUILLWORTS


LYCOPHYTA

40


ONE OR FEW LARGE STROBILI


CYCADOPHYTA

41


TRUE MOSSES


BRYOPHYTA

42


LIVER-SHAPED GAMETOPHYTES AND TINY SPOROPHYTES


HEPATOPHYTA

43

 

  • ONE COTYLEDON
  • ONE EMBRYONIC LEAF
  • PARALLEL LEAF VENATION
  • SCATTERED ARRANGEMENT OF VASCULAR BUNDLES
  • FIBROUS ROOT SYSTEMS
  • FLORAL ORGANS IN MULTIPLES OF THREE
  • POLLEN POSSESSING A SINGLE OPENING
  • LEAVES CONTAINING ONLY SPONGY MESOPHYLL

MONOCOTS