Pleura Flashcards Preview

Board Review: General Anatomy Respiratory Anatomy > Pleura > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pleura Deck (25):
1

There are 2 layers of pleura which are?

Outer and inner layers which are continuous at root of lung.

2

The outer layer is called?

Parietal

3

The inner layer is called?

Visceral

4

The parietal layer lies against what?

Inner aspect of thoracic cage

5

The visceral layer lies against what?

Lungs

6

The parietal layer is what?

Sensitive to pain

7

The parietal layer is supplied by what/

Intercostal and phrenic N

8

The visceral layer is what?

Insensitive to pain

9

The visceral layer is innervated by what?

Has autonomic innervation mainly from Vagus N

10

The pulmonary ligament is a sleeve of pleura at root of lung and functions as what?

Anatomical dead space allowing for expansion of pulmonary veins

11

THe pleura have what parts?

Costal
Mediastinal
Diaphragmatic
Cervical

12

The cervical pleura (cupola) extends where?

Above 1st rib

13

The extension of the lung into the neck is limited by what?

Suprapleural membrane

14

The suprapleural membrane is a fibrous structure that extends from what?

Tip of transverse process of 7th cervical vertebrae to inner border of 1st rib.

15

The pleura are supplied by branches of what?

Anterior and posterior intercostal arteries

16

The upper 6 pairs of anterior intercostal arteries are derived from what?

Internal thoracic A (branch of 1st part of subclavian A)

17

The next three (7th to 9th) pairs are derived from what?

Musculophrenic branch of internal thoracic A

18

What arteries are form the costal branch of costocervical trunk of subclavian A?

1st and 2nd posterior intercostal A

19

3rd to 11th posterior intercostal arteries are derived from what?

Descending part of thoracic aorta

20

Venous drainage is via what system?

Azygos venous system

21

Lymphatics of the lung drain from periphery of lungs to what?

Pulmonary nodes then
Bronchopulmonary nodes then
Tracheobronchial nodes into
Para-tracheal nodes finally into
Mediastinal lymphatic trunks

22

Pulmonary nodes are found where?

Lung parenchyma

23

The bronchopulmonary nodes are found where?

Hilum of lung

24

Where are the tracheobronchial nodes found?

Bifurcation of trachea

25

Where are the para-tracheal nodes found?

Either side of trachea