Pleurae and Pleural Cavities: Clinical Flashcards Preview

Gross II Exam II > Pleurae and Pleural Cavities: Clinical > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pleurae and Pleural Cavities: Clinical Deck (13):
1

T/F: The parietal pleura is highly sensitive to pain due to the high innervation.

True

2

What is it called when the pleural cavity fills with air?

Pneumothorax

3

Which of the causes of a pneumothorax will result in air coming from outside of the lung?

Trauma (often called a sucking chest wound)

4

What are the causes of pneumothorax?

1) Trauma
2) Disease
3) Congenital Weak Spot

5

A patient comes to you with cyonotic (blue) lips/face, a trachea that has deviated to the left side, history of COPD, and has difficulty breathing out. What condition do you suspect?

Tension Pneumothorax of the right pleural cavity

6

What is the major differnece between a traditional and tension pneumothorax?

In a tension pneumothorax, there is a flap of pleura covering the hole instead of a gaping hole that is allowing air to escape

7

What is it known as when the pleural cavity fills with blood?

Hemothorax

8

What is it known as when both blood and air will fill the pleural cavity at the same time?

Hemopneumothorax

(in other words, very, very bad)

9

T/F: All of the conditions where somethign fills the pleural cavity will cause atelectasis (lung collapse)

True

10

What is an inflammation of the pleura with leads to adhesion between the parietal and visceral pleurae?

Pleuritis

11

Why is pleuritis so painful?

Becuase of the high sensory innervation of the parietal pleura

12

Along what nerve does the pain of pleuritis distribute?

Suprascapular Nerve (C3, C4)

13

When performing auscultation, what would you hear if pleuritis is suspected?

A plueral rub when the patient is breathing, but goes away when they hold their breath