Flashcards in PMBOK Chapter 4 - Project Integration Management Deck (28):
What is project management?
the application of knowledge, skills and techniques to execute projects effectively and efficiently
Develop Project Charter (process)
the process of developing a document that formally authorizes the existence of a project and provides the project manager with the authority to apply organizational resources to project activities
Develop Project Management Plan (process)
the process of defining, preparing, and coordinating all subsidiary plans and integrating them into a comprehensive project management plan
Direct and Manage Project Work (process)
the process of leading and performing the work defined in the project management plan and implementing approved changes to achieve the project's objectives
Monitor and Control Project Work (process)
the process of tracking, reviewing and reporting project progress against the performance objectives defined in the project management plan
Perform Integrated Change Control (process)
the process of reviewing, approving and managing changes to deliverables, organizational process assets, project documents, and the project management plan, and communicating their disposition
Close Project or Phase (process)
the process of finalizing all activities across all the Process Groups to formally complete the phase or project
What is a project statement of work (SOW) ?
a narrative description of products, services or results to be delivered by a project.
What is a business case?
describes the necessary information to determine whether or not the project is worth the required investment
What are agreements?
they are used to define initial intentions of a project
What is expert judgment?
often used to assess the inputs used to develop the project charter.
they have broad application with project management processes and guide the development of the project charter.
What is the project charter?
the document issued by the project initiator or sponsor that formally authorizes the existence of a project and provides the project manager with the authority to apply organizational resources to project activities
What is the project management plan?
document that describes how the project will be executed, monitored and controlled. It integrates and consolidates all of the subsidiary plans and baselines from the planning processes
What is a corrective action?
an intentional activity that realigns the performance of the project work with the project management plan
What is preventive action?
an intentional activity that ensures the future performance of the project work is aligned with the project management plan
What is defect repair?
an intentional activity to modify a nonconforming product or product component
What are approved change requests?
include those requests reviewed and approved for implementation by the change control board (ccb) - may be a corrective action, preventive action or defect repair
What is a project management information system?
provides access to tools such as a scheduling tool, a work authorization system, a distribution system, etc.
What is a deliverable?
any unique and verifiable product, result or capability to perform a service that is required to be produced to complete a process, phase or project
What are change requests?
a formal proposal to modify any document, deliverable, or baseline
What are schedule forecasts?
derived from progress against the schedule baseline and computed time estimate to complete (ETC) -- typically expressed in terms of schedule variance (SV) and schedule performance index (SPI)
What are cost forecasts?
derived from progress against the cost baseline and computed estimates to complete (ETC) -- this is typically expressed in terms of cost variance (CV) and cost performance index (CPI)
What are validated changes?
a validated change provides the necessary data to confirm that the change was appropriately executed
What are analytical techniques?
applied to forecast potential outcomes based on possible variations of project variables and their relationships with other variables
What is change control?
focused on identifying, documenting, and approving or rejecting changes to the project documents, deliverables, or baselines
What is a change log?
used to document changes that occur during a project. rejected change requests are also captured in the change log