PNF - Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Flashcards Preview

SCT3 Therapeutic Exercise > PNF - Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation > Flashcards

Flashcards in PNF - Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Deck (17):
1

What is the term for when a muscle is at its shortest possible length?

ACTIVE INSUFFICIENCY

2

What is the term for when a muscle is at its longest possible length?

PASSIVE INSUFFICIENCY

3

Name the 2 terms for active inhibition of a muscle either by its own activity, or that of its antagonist?

ACTIVE INHIBITION
A) RECIPROCAL INHIBITION
B) AUTOGENIC INHIBITION

4

How would you define reciprocal inhibition?

agonist contracts = antagonist inhibited
- or inversely -
antagonist contracts = agonist inhibited

5

How would you define autogenic inhibition?

FOLLOWING MM CONTRACTION, MM REMAINS IN RELAXED STATE FOR BRIEF TIME
(Influence of GTO)

6

What do golgi tendon organs work to protect muscle and mm attachments from?

OVER CONTRACTING
+
SUBSEQUENT TEARING

7

When muscle contraction exceeds a certain critical value, there is a relaxation of the muscle via the GTO influence. This is knows as what? (3 (aka))

INVERSE STRETCH REFLEX
+
ANTIMYOTATIC REFLEX
+
AUTOGENIC INHIBITION

8

PNF ensures the muscle to be stretched is ___________ as possible.

RELAXED

9

PNF requires normal ______________ and voluntary control over agonist and antagonist muscle groups.

INNERVATION

(paralysis and spasticity CI'd)

10

Is Contract-relax technique reciprocal or autogenic?

AUTOGENIC

11

Is Hold-relax technique reciprocal or autogenic?

AUTOGENIC

12

Is Agonist contraction reciprocal or autogenic?

RECIPROCAL

13

Is Reciprocal inhibition reciprocal or autogenic?

RECIPROCAL

14

Is Contract-Relax-Contract reciprocal or autogenic?

BOTH

15

Name 2 of the 5 indications for PNF?

^^^ STRENGTH
+
^^^ STABILITY
+
^^^ NEUROMUSCULAR CONTROL
+
^^^ CONTROLLED MOBILITY
+
RE-EDUCATE MUSCLES

16

Name 2 of the 5 contraindications for PNF?

HEMATOMA
+
RECENT FRCTURE
+
RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS (INFLAMMATORY)
+
JJ HYPERMOBILITY
+
WHEN STABILITY CONTRACTURES PRESENT

17

What does PNF stand for?

PROPRIOCEPTIVE NEUROMUSCULAR FACILITATION