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Flashcards in Poetry Deck (26):
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Prose

The way we usually write and speak, no rhyme or economy of words

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Verse

Term used to describe poetic lines composed in a measured rhythmical pattern, that are often, but not necessarily, rhymed

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Stanza

Section of poem/like a paragraph in prose

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Couplet

2 lines; quatrain- 4 lines

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Repetition

Repeating words, lines, or ideas to make a point

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Refrain

A line or group of lines repeated regularly or irregularly

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Blank verse

Unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter (10 syllables, every other syllable is stressed; the way Shakespeare writes his plays)

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Rhyme

Repetition of identical or similar concluding syllables in different words, most often at the ends of lines

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Meter

When a rhythmic pattern of stresses recurs in a poem, it is called meter

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Rhythm

Term used to refer to the recurrence of stressed and unstressed sounds in poetry

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Metaphor

Comparing two things NOT USING LIKE OR AS

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Extended metaphor

An entire poem or page of text making one comparison

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Simile

Comparing two things using like or as

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Personification

Giving non human things human characteristics

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Hyperbole

An enormous exaggeration

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Symbol

Something small representing something larger

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Alliteration

Repetition of the same consonant sounds in a sequence of words, usually at the begining of a word or stressed syllable (descending dew drops)

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Consonance

Common type of near rhyme that consists of identical consonant sounds preceded by different vowel sounds: home, same.

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Assonance

Repetition of internal vowel sounds in nearby words that do not end the same (asleep under a tree)

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Imagery

Word use that paints pictures in reader's minds

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Mood

The way the setting affects the readers and characters

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Tone

How the author feels about his characters and subject

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Allusion

Reference to another literary work, person, place, or time

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Onomatopoeia

A word or combination of words that resemble specific sounds (buzz, rattle, bang)

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Archetype

Term used to describe universal symbols that evoke deep and sometimes unconscious responses in a reader. Common literary archetypes include stories of quests, initiations, descents to the underworld, and ascents to heaven

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Speaker

The voice used by an author to tell a story or speak a poem. The speaker is often a created identity and should not automatically be equated with the author's self.