Poetry - Key Words Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Poetry - Key Words Deck (39):
1

Juxtaposition

Comparing 2 points next to each other

2

Rhyming couplet

The word at the end of a poem rhymes with the word underneath it

3

Quatrain

A stanza of four lines, especially one having alternate rhymes

4

Sonnet

A poem of 14 lines using any of a number of rhyme schemes

5

Ballad

A poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas

6

Caesura

A pause beat the middle of a line

7

Blank verse

A verse without a rhyme

8

Refrain

A verse or phrase which is repeated throughout a poem

9

Internal rhyme

A rhyme involving a word in the middle of a line and another at the end or middle of the next

10

Alliteration

Words beginning with the same letter sounds to create a notably emphasis on words

11

Assonance

Like alliteration, the sounds come from within the word rather than the start

12

Consonance

Consonant sounds at the end of words

13

Cacophony

Harsh sounds in order to make a discordant sound

14

Onomatopoeia

Words which sound like the effect they describe

15

Repetition

Repeating words over a verse, stanza or poem or add emphasis

16

Rhyme

Words with similar ending sounds creating a music like effect or flow

17

Rhythm

Organisation of two words to create a noticeable sound or pace, not necessarily musical but with a clear ‘beat’. Can include the structure of the work and is often measured in syllables

18

Lambic (pattern name example)

-/ (invite)

19

Trochaic (pattern name example)

/- (deadline)

20

Anapestic (pattern name example)

- -/ (to the beach)

21

Dactylic (pattern name example)

/- - (frequently)

22

Spondaic (pattern name example)

// (true blue)

23

Allegory

Something symbolic, an allegory can often be a story that represents larger things

24

Allusion

Referring to something well known

25

Ambiguity / Ambiguous

A word or meaning meaning more than one thing to provoke a thought

26

Analogy

Compare something unfamiliar with something familiar to help people understand

27

Cliché

Something which is used a lot so becomes expected or even cheesy

28

Connotation / connote

The associations with a word

29

Contrast

Closely placed ideas which re opposites or very different

30

Denotation / denote

The literal definition for something without reading too deeply into it

31

Euphemism

Where something distasteful is said in a more acceptable way

32

Hyperbole

An over the top exaggeration for effect

33

Irony

Deliberate use of a false or misleading statement in such a way that the truth is apparent

34

Metaphor

Direct comparison of two things. States one thing is or acts as another without using words ‘like’ or ‘as’

35

Oxymoron

Two words placed together with different meanings to create a new meaning

36

Paradox

A situation or statement which contradicts itself

37

Personification

Describing an inanimate object or animal with human qualities

38

Pun

Using words with multiple meanings while intending both, often used for comic effect

39

Simile

Comparing 2 or more objects with words “like” or “as”