Poetry: Power and Conflict Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Poetry: Power and Conflict Deck (150):
1

Ozymandias (Percy Bysshe Shelley)

What are the themes of Ozymandias?

Powerful/arrogant rulers.

Time/nature as destroyer.

The power of art.

2

Ozymandias (Percy Bysshe Shelley)

"_ met a _________ from an _______ land / ___ said"

"I met a traveller from an antique land / Who said"

3

Ozymandias (Percy Bysshe Shelley)

“whose _____ / And ________ lip, and sneer of ____ _______”

“whose frown / And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command”

4

Ozymandias (Percy Bysshe Shelley)

"The hand that ______ them and the _____ that ___"

"The hand that mocked them and the heart that fed"

5

Ozymandias (Percy Bysshe Shelley)

“‘Look on my _____, ye ______, and _______.’ / Nothing beside _______.”

“‘Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair.’ / Nothing beside remains.”

6

Ozymandias (Percy Bysshe Shelley)

“The ____ and _____ sands _______ far away”

“The lone and level sands stretch far away”

7

Ozymandias (Percy Bysshe Shelley)

What was another name for Ozymandias?

Ramses II.

8

Ozymandias (Percy Bysshe Shelley)

Who was Napoleon?

An arrogant military leader at the time, who, like Ozymandias, lost everything.

9

Ozymandias (Percy Bysshe Shelley)

What type of poet was Percy Bysshe Shelley?

Romantic poet.

10

Ozymandias (Percy Bysshe Shelley)

What do romantic poets believe in?

The importance and value of untamed nature, human imagination, and opposition to oppression and corruption.

11

London (William Blake)

What are the themes of London?

Corruption of government.

Need for revolution.

Powerlessness of people in the face of oppression.

12

London (William Blake)

“I ______ through each _________ street, / Near where the _________ ______ does ____”

“I wander through each chartered street, / Near where the chartered Thames does flow”

13

London (William Blake)

“The ____-______ manacles I hear”

“The mind-forged manacles I hear”

14

London (William Blake)

“How the _______-_________ cry / Every black’ning ______ appals, / And the ________ soldier’s ____ / Runs in _____ down ______ walls.”

“How the chimney-sweeper’s cry / Every black’ning church appals, / And the hapless soldier’s sigh / Runs in blood down palace walls.”

15

London (William Blake)

What type of poet was William Blake?

Romantic poet.

16

London (William Blake)

What was William Blake concerned with?

Individual freedom, equality, democracy.

17

London (William Blake)

What did William Blake see London and the government as?

Corrupt and oppressive.

18

London (William Blake)

What were rife in London at the time?

Prostitution and STDs.

19

London (William Blake)

Who did William Blake think did little to help?

The church and the monarchy.

20

London (William Blake)

What had occurred shortly before this poem that William Blake hoped for in England?

The French Revolution and William Blake hoped for a revolution in England.

21

Extract from The Prelude (William Wordsworth)

What are the themes of Extract from The Prelude?

The power of nature.

The power of conscience.

The power of the imagination.

22

Extract from The Prelude (William Wordsworth)

"It was an act of _______ / And troubled ________"

"It was an act of stealth / And troubled pleasure"

23

Extract from The Prelude (William Wordsworth)

“Small circles _________ ____ in the ____”

“Small circles glittered idly in the moon”

24

Extract from The Prelude (William Wordsworth)

“a huge ____, _____ and huge, / As if with _________ power ________, / Upreared its ____.”

“a huge peak, black and huge, / As if with voluntary power instinct, / Upreared its head.”

25

Extract from The Prelude (William Wordsworth)

“the ____ shape / _______ up between __ and the _____, and still, / For so it seemed, with _______ of its ___”

“the grim shape / Towered up between me and the stars, and still, / For so it seemed, with purpose of its own”

26

Extract from The Prelude (William Wordsworth)

“With ________ oars I turned, / And through the ______ water _____ my way.”

“With trembling oars I turned, / And through the silent water stole my way.”

27

Extract from The Prelude (William Wordsworth)

What was The Prelude a part of?

A long autobiographical poem in which William Wordsworth reflected upon his development as a child into a poet.

28

Extract from The Prelude (William Wordsworth)

What type of poet was William Wordsworth?

Romantic poet.

29

Extract from The Prelude (William Wordsworth)

What did William Wordsworth think of nature?

He valued it and saw it as powerful.

30

Extract from The Prelude (William Wordsworth)

What did William Wordsworth also value?

The power of the human imagination.

31

My Last Duchess (Robert Browning)

What are the themes of My Last Duchess?

Powerful/arrogant men.

The power of art.

The powerlessness of women.

32

My Last Duchess (Robert Browning)

“That’s my last Duchess _______ on the ____”

“That’s my last Duchess painted on the wall”

33

My Last Duchess (Robert Browning)

"Frà ________ hands / ______ busily a day, and there she ______. Will't ______ you sit and ____ at her?"

"Frà Pandolf's hands / Worked busily a day, and there she stands. Will't please you sit and look at her?"

34

My Last Duchess (Robert Browning)

"The ________ of the ________ in the West, / The bough of cherries some _________ ____ / Broke in the orchard for her"

"The dropping of the daylight in the West, / The bough of cherries some officious fool / Broke in the orchard for her"

35

My Last Duchess (Robert Browning)

“This ____; I gave ________; / Then all ______ _______ together”

“This grew; I gave commands; / Then all smiles stopped together”

36

My Last Duchess (Robert Browning)

“Notice _______, though, / ______ a sea-horse”

“Notice Neptune, though, / Taming a sea-horse”

37

My Last Duchess (Robert Browning)

Who was My Last Duchess really about?

A real Duke of Ferrara in Italy, whose first wife died at the age of 17 in suspicious circumstances.

38

My Last Duchess (Robert Browning)

What society was Robert Browning a part of?

Rigidly patriarchal Victorian era.

39

My Last Duchess (Robert Browning)

What was women’s sexuality regarded as?

Dangerous, and needing to be controlled.

40

My Last Duchess (Robert Browning)

What was Robert Browning’s own experience with the rigid patriarchy?

He was more open-minded and the father of his wife was controlling and opposed to his marriage.

41

The Charge of the Light Brigade (Alfred Lord Tennyson)

What are the themes of The Charge of the Light Brigade?

The glory and excitement of war.

War as a chance for heroism.

Propaganda.

42

The Charge of the Light Brigade (Alfred Lord Tennyson)

“Was there a ___ ________?”

“Was there a man dismayed?”

43

The Charge of the Light Brigade (Alfred Lord Tennyson)

“______ not to make _____, / ______ not to _______ why, / ______ but to __ or ___.”

“Theirs not to make reply, / Theirs not to reason why, / Theirs but to do or die.”

44

The Charge of the Light Brigade (Alfred Lord Tennyson)

"______ to right of ____, / ______ to left of ____, / ______ in front of ____"

"Cannon to right of them, / Cannon to left of them, / Cannon in front of them"

45

The Charge of the Light Brigade (Alfred Lord Tennyson)

“Into the ____ of _____, / Into the _____ of ____”

“Into the jaws of Death, / Into the mouth of Hell”

46

The Charge of the Light Brigade (Alfred Lord Tennyson)

“______ all their ______ bare, / ______ as they _____ in air / Sabring the _______ there”

“Flash’d all their sabres bare, / Flash’d as they turn’d in air / Sabring the gunners there”

47

The Charge of the Light Brigade (Alfred Lord Tennyson)

"______ the charge they made! / ______ the Light Brigade, / _____ six _______!"

"Honour the charge they made! / Honour the Light Brigade, / Noble six hundred!"

48

The Charge of the Light Brigade (Alfred Lord Tennyson)

What does the poem describe?

A British disaster that took place in the Crimean war due to a miscommunication.

49

The Charge of the Light Brigade (Alfred Lord Tennyson)

What was Alfred Lord Tennyson?

Poet Laureate.

50

The Charge of the Light Brigade (Alfred Lord Tennyson)

What did Alfred Lord Tennyson attempt to do?

Present the disaster in the best possible light, seeing the war as a heroic defeat.

51

Exposure (Wilfred Owen)

What are the themes of Exposure?

The powerlessness of men in war.

Power of nature.

The harsh reality of conflict.

Memories of home.

52

Exposure (Wilfred Owen)

“The _________ iced _____ that _____ us”

“The merciless iced winds that knive us”

53

Exposure (Wilfred Owen)

"Worried by _______, sentries _______, curious, _______"

"Worried by silence, sentries whisper, curious, nervous"

54

Exposure (Wilfred Owen)

“But _______ _______.”

“But nothing happens.”

55

Exposure (Wilfred Owen)

“Dawn _______ in the ____ her __________ army”

“Dawn massing in the east her melancholy army”

56

Exposure (Wilfred Owen)

“on us the _____ are ______”

“on us the doors are closed”

57

Exposure (Wilfred Owen)

What did Wilfred Owen do?

Fought and died in WW1.

58

Exposure (Wilfred Owen)

What did Wilfred Owen know?

The first-hand true horrors of trench warfare.

59

Exposure (Wilfred Owen)

Which winter was particularly cold?

1917.

60

Exposure (Wilfred Owen)

What did Wilfred Owen have to do during the winter?

Lie outside for days to spy on the enemy.

61

Storm on the Island (Seamus Heaney)

What are the themes of Storm on the Island?

Power of nature.

Duality of nature: Tame or hostile.

Political interpretation: Civil war.

62

Storm on the Island (Seamus Heaney)

"Sink _____ in rock and ____ them with good _____"

"Sink walls in rock and roof them with good slate"

63

Storm on the Island (Seamus Heaney)

"Nor are there _____ / Which might prove _______ when it _____ full / _____"

"Nor are there trees / Which might prove company when it blows full / Blast"

64

Storm on the Island (Seamus Heaney)

"___ might think that the ___ is company, / Exploding ___________ down on the cliffs"

"You might think that the sea is company, / Exploding comfortably down on the cliffs"

65

Storm on the Island (Seamus Heaney)

"_____ like a ____ cat / Turned ______."

"spits like a tame cat / Turned savage."

66

Storm on the Island (Seamus Heaney)

"Space is a _____. / We are _________ by the _____ air."

"Space is a salvo. / We are bombarded by the empty air."

67

Storm on the Island (Seamus Heaney)

Where was Seamus Heaney from?

Ireland.

68

Storm on the Island (Seamus Heaney)

What was ravaging Ireland in the 20th century?

A civil war.

69

Storm on the Island (Seamus Heaney)

What place was heavily incolved in conflict?

Stormont.

70

Storm on the Island (Seamus Heaney)

What could the title of the poem also be read as?

Storm on the Island.
Stormont Ireland.

71

Bayonet Charge (Ted Hughes)

What are the themes of Bayonet Charge?

Idealistic patriotism vs the terrifying reality of combat.

Nature as harmed by war.

72

Bayonet Charge (Ted Hughes)

"________ he awoke and was _______"

"Suddenly he awoke and was running"

73

Bayonet Charge (Ted Hughes)

"Bullets ________ the _____ out of the air"

"Bullets smacking the belly out of the air"

74

Bayonet Charge (Ted Hughes)

"The _________ tear that had _______ in his eye"

"The patriotic tear that had brimmed in his eye"

75

Bayonet Charge (Ted Hughes)

"In what ____ _________ of the stars and _______/ Was he the ____ pointing that ______?"

"In what cold clockwork of the stars and nations / Was he the hand pointing that second?"

76

Bayonet Charge (Ted Hughes)

"Threw up a ______ ____ that rolled like a _____ / And crawled in a __________ circle"

"Threw up a yellow hare that rolled like a flame / And crawled in a threshing circle"

77

Bayonet Charge (Ted Hughes)

"King, ______, human dignity, ________ / Dropped like ________ in a yelling _____"

"King, honour, human dignity, etcetera / Dropped like luxuries in a yelling alarm"

78

Bayonet Charge (Ted Hughes)

What is nature in this poem?

A victim.

79

Bayonet Charge (Ted Hughes)

Who was Ted Hughes inspired by?

Wilfred Owen.

80

Bayonet Charge (Ted Hughes)

Did Ted Hughes have any experience of war?

No, but his father fought and nearly died in WW1.

81

Remains (Simon Armitage)

What are the themes of Remains?

Guilt.

Memory.

Reality of war.

82

Remains (Simon Armitage)

"________ armed, ________ not"

"probably armed, possibly not"

83

Remains (Simon Armitage)

"____ itself, the image of _____"

"pain itself, the image of agony"

84

Remains (Simon Armitage)

"One of my _____ goes by / and ______ his ____ back into his body."

"One of my mates goes by / and tosses his guts back into his body."

85

Remains (Simon Armitage)

"And the _____ and the ____ won't flush him out"

"And the drink and the drugs won't flush him out"

86

Remains (Simon Armitage)

"___ in behind _____ _____"

"dug in behind enemy lines"

87

Remains (Simon Armitage)

"his ______ life in my ______ _____"

"his bloody life in my bloody hands"

88

Remains (Simon Armitage)

Where does this poem come from?

A collection of war poetry called "The Not Dead".

89

Remains (Simon Armitage)

What did Simon Armitage do to make these poems?

He interviewed many soldiers about their experiences and turned some of them into poetry.

90

Remains (Simon Armitage)

Which line was a reference to Macbeth?

"his bloody life in my bloody hands"

"will these hands ne'er be clean?"

91

Poppies (Jane Weir)

What are the themes of Poppies?

The powerlessness of those left behind.

Grieving for loss.

Christian symbolism.

92

Poppies (Jane Weir)

"_______ petals, / ______ of paper red, disrupting a ________ / of yellow bias"

"crimped petals, / spasms of paper red, disrupting a blockade / of yellow bias"

93

Poppies (Jane Weir)

"Sellotape ________ around my hand, / I _______ __ as many cat hairs as I could"

"Sellotape bandaged around my hand, / I rounded up as many cat hairs as I could"

94

Poppies (Jane Weir)

"play at / being _______ like __ did when / you were ______."

"play at / being Eskimos like we did when / you were little."

95

Poppies (Jane Weir)

"All my ____/ _________, ______, turned into felt."

"All my words/ flattened, rolled, turned into felt."

96

Poppies (Jane Weir)

"the world ___________ / like a treasure chest. A split ______ / and you were away, ___________."

"the world overflowing / like a treasure chest. A split second / and you were away, intoxicated."

97

Poppies (Jane Weir)

"without / a winter coat or ______________ of scarf, ______."

"without / a winter coat or reinforcements of scarf, gloves."

98

Poppies (Jane Weir)

"On reaching the ___ of the ____ I traced / the ____________ on the ___ memorial"

"On reaching the top of the hill I traced / the inscriptions on the war memorial"

99

Poppies (Jane Weir)

When is Armistice Sunday?

November 11th.

100

Poppies (Jane Weir)

What does "the top of the hill" refer to?

A biblical reference to Calvary: the hill on which Jesus Christ was killed.

101

War Photographer (Carol Ann Duffy)

What are the themes of War Photographer?

The reality of war - not appreciated by editors and readers.

The power of art - or not.

102

War Photographer (Carol Ann Duffy)

"spools of _________ set out in _______ rows"

"spools of suffering set out in ordered rows"

103

War Photographer (Carol Ann Duffy)

"He has a ___ to __. Solutions slop in trays / ________ his hands, which did not _______ ____ / though seem to ___."

"He has a job to do. Solutions slop in trays / beneath his hands, which did not tremble then / though seem to now."

104

War Photographer (Carol Ann Duffy)

"to ______ which don't _______ beneath the feet / of running ________ in a _________ heat."

"to fields which don't explode beneath the feet / of running children in a nightmare heat."

105

War Photographer (Carol Ann Duffy)

"A _________ features / faintly start to _____ before his eyes, / a half-______ _____."

"A stranger's features / faintly start to twist before his eyes, / a half-formed ghost."

106

War Photographer (Carol Ann Duffy)

"A hundred _______ in black-and-white / from which his ______ will pick out five or six / for Sunday's __________."

"A hundred agonies in black-and-white / from which his editor will pick out five or six / for Sunday's supplement."

107

War Photographer (Carol Ann Duffy)

"The reader's ________ prick / with _____ between the ____ and pre-lunch _____."

"The reader's eyeballs prick / with tears between the bath and pre-lunch beers."

108

War Photographer (Carol Ann Duffy)

What are "Belfast, Beriut, Phnom Penh"?

Locations that have been ravaged by war.

109

War Photographer (Carol Ann Duffy)

Who did Carol Ann Duffy know?

Two war photographers.

110

War Photographer (Carol Ann Duffy)

What does Carol Ann Duffy sympathise with?

What the war photographers see and do, despite apathy at home.

111

Tissue (Imtiaz Dharker)

What are the themes of Tissue?

The frailty of paper, but also its great power and strength.

The same for people.

112

Tissue (Imtiaz Dharker)

"Paper that lets the _____ / _____ through, this is what could _____ things. / Paper _______ by age or ________."

"Paper that lets the light / shine through, this is what could alter things. / Paper thinned by age or touching."

113

Tissue (Imtiaz Dharker)

"where a ____ / has written in the names and _________, / who was ____ to whom."

"where a hand / has written in the names and histories, / who was born to whom."

114

Tissue (Imtiaz Dharker)

"pages ________ and _______ and turned / ___________ with attention."

"pages smoothed and stroked and turned / transparent with attention."

115

Tissue (Imtiaz Dharker)

"see how ______ / they fall ____ on a ____"

"see how easily / they fall away on a sigh"

116

Tissue (Imtiaz Dharker)

"what was ____ by ______ card / might fly our lives like paper _____."

"what was paid by credit card / might fly our lives like paper kites."

117

Tissue (Imtiaz Dharker)

"but let the ________ break / through capitals and _________"

"but let the daylight break / through capitals and monoliths"

118

Tissue (Imtiaz Dharker)

"paper ________ and _______ / and thinned to be ___________ , / turned into your ____."

"paper smoothed and stroked / and thinned to be transparent, / turned into your skin."

119

Tissue (Imtiaz Dharker)

What is Imtiaz Dharker?

A Muslim.

120

Tissue (Imtiaz Dharker)

What is the purpose of referencing the Koran?

To make the point of how something so fragile as paper can hold such mighty texts - even the words of Allah.

121

The Émigrée (Carol Rumens)

What are the themes of The Émigrée?

Memory - its importance for our identity.

Whether our memories are truthful or distorted.

Countries affected by war and tyrants.

Being exiled as a result of conflict.

Being exiled from our childhood.

122

The Émigrée (Carol Rumens)

"There was ____ a _______ ... I left it as a _____ / But my ______ of it is ________-clear"

"There was once a country... I left it as a child / But my memory of it is sunlight-clear"

123

The Émigrée (Carol Rumens)

"The _____ ____ of it cannot break / My ________ view, the bright, filled ___________."

"The worst news of it cannot break / My original view, the bright, filled paperweight."

124

The Émigrée (Carol Rumens)

"the ________ slopes / glow even _______ as time rolls its _____ / and the _________ rise between us"

"the graceful slopes / glow even clearer as time rolls its tanks / and the frontiers rise between us"

125

The Émigrée (Carol Rumens)

"It may be __ ___"

"It may be at war"

127

The Émigrée (Carol Rumens)

"It ____ ____ in front of me, ______ as _____"

"It lies down in front of me, docile as paper"

128

The Émigrée (Carol Rumens)

Why were people forced to flee their country in recent history?

War and famine.

129

The Émigrée (Carol Rumens)

"They ______ me of _______, they _____ me. / They ______ me of being ____ in their ____ city."

"They accuse me of absense, they circle me. / They accuse me of being dark in their free city."

129

The Émigrée (Carol Rumens)

What is Carol Rumens?

English and not an émigrée.

130

The Émigrée (Carol Rumens)

What is a possible secondary interpretation of the poem?

That it is about someone leaving their childhood and trying to reclaim it.

131

Checking Out Me History (John Agard)

What are the themes of Checking Out Me History?

One country culturally dominating another.

The importance of our country for our identity.

131

Checking Out Me History (John Agard)

"___ tell me / ___ tell me / ___ ___ want to tell me"

"Dem tell me / Dem tell me / Wha dem want to tell me"

132

Checking Out Me History (John Agard)

"Dem tell me bout ____ and all ___"

"Dem tell me bout 1066 and all dat"

134

Checking Out Me History (John Agard)

"and even when de _______ said no / ___ still brave the _______ snow"

"and even when de British said no / she still brave the Russian snow"

134

Checking Out Me History (John Agard)

"But now I ________ out me ___ history / I _______ out me ________"

"But now I checking out me own history / I carving out me identity"

136

Checking Out Me History (John Agard)

What was England?

A colonial power that imposed its values on many countries - including the Caribbean.

136

Checking Out Me History (John Agard)

Why does John Agard often write in his dialect?

To give a sense of his national identity as he is from Guyana and moved to England as an adult.

137

Checking Out Me History (John Agard)

Who was Toussaint L'Ouverture?

A Haitain revolutionary.

138

Checking Out Me History (John Agard)

Who was Nanny the Maroon?

A Jamaican national heroine who fought against slavery.

139

Checking Out Me History (John Agard)

Who was Mary Seacole?

A Jamaican nurse in the Crimean war.

140

Kamikaze (Beatrice Garland)

What are the themes of Kamikaze?

Power of nature.

Power of memory.

Country/war/patriotism vs the individual.

Rigid society.

Guilt.

141

Kamikaze (Beatrice Garland)

"Her ______ embarked at _______ / with a flask of water, a _______ _____"

"Her father embarked at sunrise / with a flask of water, a samurai sword"

142

Kamikaze (Beatrice Garland)

"the dark ______ of ______ / flashing ______ as their bellies / _________ towards the ___"

"the dark shoals of fishes / flashing silver as their bellies / swivelled towards the sun"

144

Kamikaze (Beatrice Garland)

"bringing their _______ boat safe / - yes, ____________ boat - safe / to the _____"

"bringing their father's boat safe / - yes, grandfather's boat - safe / to the shore"

145

Kamikaze (Beatrice Garland)

"my mother never _____ again / in his ________, nor did she meet his ____"

"my mother never spoke again / in his presence, nor did she meet his eyes"

146

Kamikaze (Beatrice Garland)

"till _________ we too _______ / to be ______, to live as though / __ had never ________"

"till gradually we too learned / to be silent, to live as though / he had never returned"

148

Kamikaze (Beatrice Garland)

What does Kamikaze refer to?

A Japanese practice in WW2 where a pilot would fly a plane into a target.

148

Kamikaze (Beatrice Garland)

What was it seen as to be selected for a kamikaze mission?

An honour for the pilot and his family.

149

Kamikaze (Beatrice Garland)

What was Japanese society like at the time?

Rigid.

150

Kamikaze (Beatrice Garland)

What would happen if you decided to not do a kamikaze mission?

It would bring shame upon yourself and your family.