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Flashcards in Poetry Quiz Deck (44)
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1

End rhyme

When a poem has lines ending with words that sound the same.

2

Internal Rhyme

a rhyme involving a word in the middle of a line and another at the end of the line or in the middle of the next.

3

Masculine Rhyme

A rhyme in which the repeated accented vowel sound is in the final syllable of the words involved.

4

Feminine Rhyme

A rhyme in which the repeated accented vowel is in either the second or third last syllable of the words involved.

5

Enjambment

(in verse) the continuation of a sentence without a pause beyond the end of a line, couplet, or stanza.

6

End-stopped line

a line that ends with a natural speech pause (usually marked with punctuation)

7

caesura

pauses that occur within the lines (grammatical - punctuation, rhetorical - phrasing and syntax)

8

free verse

except for line arrangement, no necessary differences between the rhythms of free verse and the rhythms of prose.

9

Prose Poetry

appears as prose, but read like poetry. The form lacks line breaks associated with poetry, but maintains a poetic quality.

10

prosidy

the study of poetic meters

11

rhythm

refers to the flow of actual, pronounced sound

12

meter

refers to pattern that the sounds follow when a poet has arranged them in metrical verse

13

foot

basic unit of meter, consists typically of one accented and one or two unaccented syllables

14

iambic

unstressed stressed

15

trochaic

stressed unstressed

16

anapest

unstressed unstressed stressed

17

dactyl

stressed unstressed unstressed

18

spondee

stressed stressed

19

duple meters

iambic and trochaic

20

triple meters

anapest and dactyl

21

one foot

monometer

22

two feet

dimeter

23

three feet

trimeter

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four feet

tetrameter

25

five feet

pentameter

26

six feet

hexameter

27

metrical variation:
substitutions

replacing regular foot with another food

28

metrical variation:
extrametrical syllables

syllables added to the beginning or ending of a line

29

metrical variation:
truncation

the omissions of a syllable (unaccented) at the beginning or ending of a line

30

metrical variation:
scansion

process of the defining the metrical form of a poem

31

Blank verse

Un-rhymed iambic pentameter
Shakespeare ("blank" indicates lack of rhyme)

32

Petrarchan Sonnet

octave that includes rhyme scheme of (abba abba) and a seset (6 line stanza) that includes one of several rhyme schemes.

33

epic poem

long, often book-length narrative in verse forms that retells a heroic journey of single/group persons.

34

ballad

centuries old, European folk tradition of oral storytelling, and was often accompanied by musical instruments. Traditionally plot driven.

35

Couplet

two lines of verse, usually in the same meter and joined by rhyme, that form a unit.

36

quatrain

a stanza of four lines, especially one having alternate rhymes.

37

tercet

a set or group of three lines of verse rhyming together or connected by rhyme with an adjacent tercet.

38

fixed form

a form of poem in which the length and pattern are prescribed by previous usage or tradition, such as sonnet, limerick, villanelle, haiku, etc.

39

villanelle

A villanelle is a nineteen-line poetic form consisting of five tercets followed by a quatrain.

40

tezra rima

an interlocking rhyme scheme with the pattern aba, bcb, cdc etc.

41

verse

metrical language (opposite of prose)

42

refrain

a repeated line, phrase, word, or group of lines, normally at some fixed position in a poem written in stanzaic form.

43

prose

non-metrical language
the opposite of verse

44

shakespearean sonnet

Shakespeare's sonnets are written predominantly in a meter called iambic pentameter, a rhyme scheme in which each sonnet line consists of ten syllables. The variation of the sonnet form that Shakespeare used—comprised of three quatrains and a concluding couplet, rhyming abab cdcd efef gg—is called the English or Shakespearean sonnet form, although others had used it before him.