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Flashcards in Poisonous Plants Deck (10):
1

Bracken fern
Causes ____ in _____ species

How long can it take to show clinical signs?

Bone marrow suppression in ruminants

Can take up to 3 months to show signs

2

Moldy sweet clover
What does it cause?
Over what period of time?

Coagulopathy via Vit K anatagonism

Long periods of time

3

Ragwort
What does it cause

What other toxic plants are similar?

Pyrrolizidine alkaloid

Causes liver disease over several months

Fiddleneck, senecio

4

Gossypol toxicity

Causes sudden death from cardiomyopathy and/or hepatopathy in ruminants

5

Lupine
What does it cause in cattle?
What species is most affected?
Classic lesions

What other plants are similar to lupine?

Causes teratogenesis in cattle
Sheep are most affected with neuro signs

Arthrogryposis (crooked calf) or cleft palate

Tobacco, locoweed and poison hemlock

6

Veratum Californicum (aka false hellebore or corn lily)
What does it do?
What species is most affected

Is a teratogen that causes birth defects in fetal lambs

7

Milkweed

Cardiac glycoside

Causes acute clinical signs and death

8

st. johns wort

causes photosensitization, conjunctivitis, sloughed skin and icterus in horses

9

blue green alga

causes sudden death

10

slaframine

hypersalivation